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SOCNET  October 2018

SOCNET October 2018

Subject:

Selected Latest Complexity Digest Posts (fwd)

From:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 22 Oct 2018 09:04:57 -0400

Content-Type:

MULTIPART/MIXED

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (73 lines)

*****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org  *****

My picks for the week are below

   Barry Wellman


   Step by step, link by link, putting it together--Streisand/Sondheim
        The earth to be spannd, connected by network--Walt Whitman
              It's Always Something--Roseanne Roseannadanna

               A day like all days, filled with those events
          that alter and illuminate our times--Walter Cronkite
  _______________________________________________________________________
   NetLab Network      			                            FRSC
   Distinguished Visiting Scholar   Social Media Lab   Ryerson University
         Founder, International Network for Social Network Analysis
   NETWORKED: The New Social Operating System  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
   https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.chass.utoronto.ca_-7Ewellman&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=KeRlhiShYNv69pTada3KIZvCXMoctgzKiYNGRw7w5qI&e=            https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__amzn.to_zXZg39&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=NyzjkeQBbmQAZU75e5SEEG5F-h0lnQfI8IDRrQEtqDA&e=
              https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__en.wikipedia.org_wiki_Barry-5FWellman&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=1pdg7zA1qrWaNckpg9X7JE9Kq4dnISm8Sg5HchpJs7Y&e=
   _______________________________________________________________________


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 22 Oct 2018 11:02:39 +0000
From: "[utf-8] Complexity Digest" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
To: "[utf-8] Barry" <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: [utf-8] Latest Complexity Digest Posts

Learn about the latest and greatest related to complex systems research. More at https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3De5ba1a9051-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=OAcUnRqsUrUnAXN3xNm6RZ_7BVZnQRPEyiojffNr0Bs&e=



Connectivity and complex systems: learning from a multi-disciplinary perspective

    In recent years, parallel developments in disparate disciplines have focused on what has come to be termed connectivity; a concept used in understanding and describing complex systems. Conceptualisations and operationalisations of connectivity have evolved largely within their disciplinary boundaries, yet similarities in this concept and its application among disciplines are evident. However, any implementation of the concept of connectivity carries with it both ontological and epistemological constraints, which leads us to ask if there is one type or set of approach(es) to connectivity that might be applied to all disciplines. In this review we explore four ontological and epistemological challenges in using connectivity to understand complex systems from the standpoint of widely different disciplines. These are: (i) defining the fundamental unit for the study of connectivity; (ii) separating structural connectivity from functional connectivity; (iii) understanding emergent
behaviour; and (iv) measuring connectivity. We draw upon discipline-specific insights from Computational Neuroscience, Ecology, Geomorphology, Neuroscience, Social Network Science and Systems Biology to explore the use of connectivity among these disciplines. We evaluate how a connectivity-based approach has generated new understanding of structural-functional relationships that characterise complex systems and propose a ˙˙common toolbox˙˙ underpinned by network-based approaches that can advance connectivity studies by overcoming existing constraints.


Connectivity and complex systems: learning from a multi-disciplinary perspective
Laura Turnbull, Marc-Thorsten Hütt, Andreas A. Ioannides, Stuart Kininmonth, Ronald Poeppl, Klement Tockner, Louise J. Bracken, Saskia Keesstra, Lichan Liu, Rens Masselink and Anthony J. Parsons
Applied Network Science 2018 3:11
https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D632d954b57-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=jobatzCgy4oItYAl1C4GsjLbXp6B2j233A1vu6yyCBo&e=

Source: appliednetsci.springeropen.com (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D4e02de517f-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=x6CiZmz8RkDDHzKSuzFw3dVhfeWB7hX7BA6Fm4Gt1Qk&e=)


How History Gets Things Wrong: The Neuroscience of our Addiction to Stories ( Alex Rosenberg)

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D0c635e0b79-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=Iw3P2auPOGR9YsZ3amuzZKTCyy6cYeSmseWnyyA9mfA&e=

To understand something, you need to know its history. Right? Wrong, says Alex Rosenberg in How History Gets Things Wrong. Feeling especially well-informed after reading a book of popular history on the best-seller list? Don't. Narrative history is always, always wrong. It not just incomplete or inaccurate but deeply wrong, as wrong as Ptolemaic astronomy. We no longer believe that the earth is the center of the universe. Why do we still believe in historical narrative? Our attachment to history as a vehicle for understanding has a long Darwinian pedigree and a genetic basis. Our love of stories is hard-wired. Neuroscience reveals that human evolution shaped a tool useful for survival into a defective theory of human nature.

Stories historians tell, Rosenberg continues, are not only wrong but harmful. Israel and Palestine, for example, have dueling narratives of dispossession that prevent one side from compromising with the other. Henry Kissinger applied lessons drawn from the Congress of Vienna to American foreign policy with disastrous results. Human evolution improved primate mind reading˙˙the ability to anticipate the behavior of others, whether predators, prey, or cooperators˙˙to get us to the top of the African food chain. Now, however, this hard-wired capacity makes us think we can understand history˙˙what the Kaiser was thinking in 1914, why Hitler declared war on the United States˙˙by uncovering the narratives of what happened and why. In fact, Rosenberg argues, we will only understand history if we don't make it into a story.

Source: www.amazon.com (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D8f6ed01aa1-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=EKsxLx0fgMmchLVr-4IxlXTvrcx_Q1nKm9FLpFY0XM4&e=)

==============================================
Sponsored by the Complex Systems Society.
Founding Editor: Gottfried Mayer.
Editor-in-Chief: Carlos Gershenson.

You can contribute to Complexity Digest selecting one of our topics (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Da064e6b55b-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=4wooBrHxaiq-T0LyHp7kUw3uaXkE-K0Bvj_cY_pOD8I&s=I5LEiDwbyKtD9C9gAXIkr1YdBIVBATS4cO3SeBHyacE&e= ) and using the "Suggest" button.
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