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PSYART  May 2000, Week 1

PSYART May 2000, Week 1

Subject:

Query: Vote for Nader = vote for Bush??

From:

Norman Holland <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 3 May 2000 16:33:08 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (200 lines)

This also includes useful info on  a left site.                        --Best,
Norm

 Subject:
        THE LEFT AND ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION, by Edward S. Herman (fwd)
 Subject: THE LEFT AND ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION, by Edward S. Herman

Edward S. Herman, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton
School of Economics, co-authored the ground-breaking book _Manufacturing
Consent_ with Noam Chomsky in the 1980s.  His reasoning here about the
difficult choices progressives face in this year's election campaign
expresses my own feelings and those of many people I've talked to about
Ralph Nader's campaign.  Like Herman, I'm going to help and vote for Nader.
--Charles Willett

----Forwarded message----
From: "Michael Albert" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: ZNet Commentary / May 2 / Edward Herman / The Left and Elections
Date: Mon, 1 May 2000 20:02:08 +0100

Please note...you can access your Sustainer Account information to change
your email address or cc number, id, pw, etc. at:
http://zena.secureforum.com/user_login.cfm

If you pass this comment along to others, please include an explanation that
Commentaries are a premium sent to Sustainer Donors of Z/ZNet and that to
learn more about the project folks can consult ZNet (http://www.zmag.org)
and specifically the Sustainer Pages
(http://www.zmag.org/Commentaries/donorform.htm.

And here is today's ZNet Commentary Delivery from Edward Herman.

-----


THE LEFT AND ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION
By Edward S. Herman

The left always has a problem at election time, and embattled left pens are
already trying to demonstrate that we should:

(1)     forego voting;
(2)     vote for Ralph Nader; or
(3)     vote for the lesser evil (Gore).

The fact that there is always such vigorous dispute on this subject, with
people of solid left credentials coming to sharply different conclusions,
results in part from the extremely marginal position of the left. Its
members never have the option of voting for candidates who support left
positions and who also have any serious chance of attaining high office.
Leftists are always in the position of having to participate, if at all, as
outsiders.

This produces one strand of argument as regards voting that says that if the
system will not allow anybody who represents our basic values and policy
positions to make a serious electoral bid for power, we should reject the
entire enterprise by refusing to participate. This position rests on the
belief that our views can not be heard and the positions we favor can not be
debated because of a stacked deck--stacked by the overwhelming importance of
corporate money in elections, plus the huge bias of the corporate and
advertiser-funded media. To vote is to give some kind of approval to this
process, suggesting that this is really democracy in action and that change
can be effected through electoral participation. This also distracts people
from thinking about organizing and acting to do something that would really
facilitate change.

This case for non-participation is stronger when the "lesser evil"
represents a genuine evil. For example, consider that the Clinton-Gore team
has been the leader in imposing "sanctions of mass destruction" in Iraq that
have killed over a million Iraqis, with monthly ongoing totals during the
electoral campaign of an estimated 4,000 or more children under five years
of age. This team is also guilty of other serious crimes, in Colombia,
Serbia, Kosovo, East Timor, and elsewhere. At home, its support of the 1996
Personal Responsibility act, ending the U.S. commitment to assist poor
people, and its crime and terrorism legislation, have been serious betrayals
of principle and elementary decency and attacks on human rights and civil
liberties. Gore has supported all these actions and policies and hasn't
distanced himself from them even for electoral purposes. A vote for this
"lesser evil" is therefore a vote that implicitly approves seriously
regressive policies at home, a growing military budget, an aggressive and
murderous foreign policy, and the commission of literal war crimes abroad.
So, in addition to refusing to participate because the deck is stacked and
progressive change through electoral politics is therefore ruled out in
advance by the structural facts of "golden rule," we may also refuse to vote
for people whose performance no leftist can accept and approve. A vote is a
form of approval of the candidate as well as the process--nonvoting is a way
of expressing disapproval of both, and as more and more people do refuse to
vote the system as well as the candidates lose credibility. I suspect that
if the voting option "none of the above" was made available, many people who
pull the lever for candidates while holding their noses, would instead vote
that the existing plutocratic electoral democracy is failing to provide
vote-worthy candidates.

Enter Ralph Nader. He is making a presidential run on the Green Party ticket
that is more serious than the one he attempted in 1996. He is trying to
raise money and he plans to campaign aggressively and participate in debates
with the other candidates whenever possible. He will talk about a string of
issues off the two-party agenda, centering in excessive corporate power and
the means of controlling it, and including corporate welfare, environmental
abuses, the bloated military budget and shriveled public sector, free trade,
and the militarization of foreign policy. Voting for Nader represents a form
of refusal and rejection of the "practical" options.

Katha Pollitt, who voted for Nader in 1996, assails his candidacy this year
("Progressive Presidential Politics," Nation, April 17, 2000), even though
he is making a more serious effort to get his message across and win votes.
She contends that third parties can't win in the United States--the playing
field is too unlevel--so that such efforts are futile and a waste of energy.
But her second line of argument is that the differences between the major
political parties are real and that those differences can mean a lot to
affected groups. She mentions that blacks vote very heavily for the
Democrats and apparently see the Republicans as a menace to their welfare.
Those deeply concerned over choice and the fate of Roe versus Wade see a
significant difference in the major parties. The Republicans' push for
school privatization and vouchers makes them also a more serious threat to
school teachers and public schools, so that teachers and many others see
concrete gains and losses from available electoral options. Pollitt doesn't
mention the Supreme Court, but for many the threat of the Republicans
putting in another Scalia or Thomas is frightening--for some this overrides
the evil of the lesser evil and all other considerations and causes them to
opt for Gore.

These points are not easily dismissed and it is not possible to scoff at
their being decisive considerations for many. However, a few counter
considerations deserve attention. One thing Pollitt and others neglect is
the educational function of alternative parties even as they lose. Nader
will be calling continuous attention to issues that Gore-Bush would like to
avoid, and he will be assailing the dominance of money in limiting our
effective choices. Without such a candidacy who would raise such issues? And
even if he loses, many will be aware that he is losing not because of his
lack of presidential merit but because of the unlevel playing field that he
will be attacking. This will mitigate the potentially demoralizing effect of
his modest vote.

On the differences between the Democrats and Republicans and the net value
of the Democrats winning, several cautions are in order. First, on some
issues the Clinton administration has been worse than the Republicans, as in
the crime and terrorism legislation, and possibly even in its aggressive,
militaristic and cruel foreign policy. In its priority push of the corporate
agenda supporting free trade and unconstrained corporate globalization, a
balanced budget, and welfare "reform," while protecting the military budget,
the Clintonites have actually led the country in the direction desired by
the corporate community and "moderate" Republicans. With a Democratic
president, the Democratic Party supported policies that it would have
opposed or moderated if offered by a Republican president. The Democrats and
many progressives are lulled into complaisance or are paralyzed when their
leader is in office, mouthing liberal slogans even as he subverts
liberalism.

The priority efforts pursued by Clinton and supported by his party feed back
to damage folks like teachers and blacks who see concrete advantages in
supporting Democrats. Without anybody seriously contesting these central
policies the corporate agenda will continue to dominate and benefits to
those outside this small clique of beneficiaries will tend to shrink. It can
be argued that third parties are needed as a protection against the
Democrats doing this--either by forcing the Democrats back to populist
service or by directly providing the democratic alternative that the
Democrats have abandoned.

Pollitt and others also downplay a long-term versus short-term perspective.
Arguably the immediate differences between the lesser and greater evil must
be weighed against the secular overall move to the right helped along by
voting for short-term interests in each election. Because the Democrats can
count on many people voting for them for narrow concrete gains and marginal
differences- -many approaching the nominal only--they can focus on
attracting a more conservative constituency (and accommodating their
corporate funders) by gradually abandoning populist policies and service to
their mass constituency, as Clinton has done. This strategy has not been a
winner for the Democrats, as it has contributed to shifts from majority to
minority positions in the U.S. senate, house, and in state governorships in
the Clinton years, as well as a weakened presidency.

Thus, the concrete gains of the short run may be illusory if the entire
dynamic of the Democratic Party's shifting to the right wipes out benefits
and entitlements and then reinstates some fraction of those undermined,
which the Republicans would leave wiped out. If this is the case, the
short-run calculus of those supporting the Democrats for such concrete gains
may thus be helping undermine non-elite benefits in the long run.

The counter-argument to the above is that the long-run is a series of
short-runs, so that third parties and non-voting that gives the more evil
party control will push the political spectrum to the right even faster and
impose heavy costs on a large number of victims afforded at least minimal
protection by Democratic rule. The concrete small gains are a bird in the
hand; the possible long-run gains are speculative and far from assured. It
is not clear that if the Democrats halted their march to the right that that
march, which is based in part on structural changes damaging to real
democracy that feed into the political process, would not actually
accelerate.

On the other hand, Republican control and policies might polarize enough to
clarify issues for many people and force changes in the party
alignments--making a third party viable if not impelling changes in the
Democratic party. Admittedly this could be dangerous and risky, and I do not
claim to have definitive answers to these difficult questions. There are
many unknowns in this pretty bleak picture. I myself am planning to help and
vote for Ralph Nader, based on the weights I give the considerations
discussed above. But I am not about to attack others like Pollitt who have a
different view and different weighting of the variables and values at stake.

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June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
August 1998, Week 2
August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 4

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