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Subject:

LEARNING COMMUNITIES

From:

"Neuburger, Jane A." <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Open Forum for Learning Assistance Professionals <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 8 Oct 2001 18:04:48 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (176 lines)

Dear colleagues:
There has been some work done with developmental learning communities, and
it is definitely  a concept that dev. ed. folks and learning assistance
folks should investigate further. And there is a listserv as well.  Last
spring, I had the opportunity to do a research paper on developmental
learning communities for a course I took with Vince Tinto at Syracuse
University.The connections to SI, to tutoring, to paired courses, and to
comprehensive support systems - concepts we have been talking about and
providing for students - are echoed in the literature on learning
communities. An exhaustive review of the literature did not turn up as many
sources as I would have liked; nevertheless, here is some of what I found:

Developmental Education and Learning Communities: A Logical Affiliation
         Jane A. Neuburger, May 2, 2001       [log in to unmask]
What advantages might the learning community offer to developmental students
and developmental programs? What types of learning communities are currently
being used in the developmental education field?  How effective have they
been? To answer these questions, the author conducted an extensive review of
the literature in developmental education and learning communities.
Effective developmental learning communities were defined as those which
includes some aspect of developmental education/learning assistance,
approximated an accepted type of learning community, had been in existence
for at least two to three years, and had collected multiple types of data.

Several campuses that have initiated developmental learning communities and
that have published their work include:
*       Sandhills Community College, North Carolina, which has affiliated
developmental education with several learning communities. Contact Kristie
Hunneycutt Coordinator of Learning Communities, Sandhills Community College
3395 Airport Toad, Pinehurst, NC 28374; (910) 695-3907;
[log in to unmask]  or Susanne Adams, Director of Academic
Support, (910) 695-3914; [log in to unmask]
*       Livingstone College/ Rutgers University, a Freshman Studies Program
for its Equal Opportunity Program (EOP) students (Tomlinson, L. M. (1989).
Postsecondary developmental programs: A traditional agenda with new
imperatives. (1989 ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No 3). Washington, DC:
School of Education and Human Development, The George Washington
University.)
*       One of the Learning Support Programs at Georgia State University is
a pairing of developmental skills courses with content courses.(Commander,
N. E., Stratton, C. B., Callahan, C. A. and Smith, B. D. (1996). A learning
assistance model for expanding academic support. Journal of Developmental
Education, 20(2), 8-10, 12, 14, 16.)
*       De Anza College (check for a web site)
*       Baltimore City Community College created a learning community of
linked courses in fall of 1999 (Downing, S. (2001, March 15). Retention
stew: Blending the best strategies for student success. Presentation at the
National Association for Developmental Education Conference, Louisville, KY.
)
*       University of Cincinnati/University College (Bullock, T., Madden,
D., and Harter, J. (1987). Paired developmental reading and psychology
courses. Research & Teaching in Developmental Education, 3(2), 22-29.)
*       St. Cloud State University (Starks-Martin, G. (2000, October).
Paired courses at St. Cloud State University. Presentation SIG at College
Reading and Learning Association Conference, Reno, NV. )
*       Maricopa Learning Communities
(www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/cgi-bin/search_ilc.pl)
*       Bethune Cookman College, in Florida,  (Long, N. A. Z. (1997).
Minority student success through an integrated curriculum.  NADE Selected
Conference Papers, Vol 3.  Dorothy C. Mollise and Charlotte T. Matthews,
Eds. NADE: University of South Alabama.)
*       Tinto describes a cluster program at LaGuardia Community College
(Tinto, V. (1998, January 26-27).  Learning communities and the
reconstruction of remedial education in higher education. Paper presented at
the Conference on Replacing Remediation in Higher Education, Stanford
University, January 26-27 sponsored by the Ford Foundation and the United
States Department of Education.
*       Southwest Michigan College, Michigan.  Southwest offers a "freshman
block" program of linked courses (Hartman, J., Chaddock, D., & Ludman, N. (
March 2001). Freshman block: A learning community model for retaining
first-year students.  Presentation at National Association for Developmental
Education, Louisville, KY)
*       Ferris State University runs a Structured Learning Assistance
program that incorporates some of the principles of Supplemental Instruction
butt targets students who fall below a 2.0 grade in a given content course.
(Doyle, T. and Kowalczyk, J. (1999). The structured learning assistance
model. Selected Conference Papers, vol 5  NADE Conference, Detroit MI, p.
4-7.)
*       St. Ambrose University created a learning community linking two or
three general education curses and a section of New Student Seminar.  (Legg,
R. (N.D.) An evaluation of learning communities at SAU [St. Ambrose
University]. Online http://web.sau.edu.rlegg.GenEd.Learning_
Community_Evaluation.htm)
*       Parkland College (Voyles, C. & Moore, L. H. (2001, March 15). The
benefits of learning communities for all involved. Paper presented at the
national Association for Developmental Education Conference, Louisville, KY.
)  in Champaign, Illinois, has set up a three-tiered model of team-taught
learning communities for developmental students.
*       National Louis University (cohort graduate program for dev studies)


I would recommend the following sources for anyone wishing to do more
reading on learning communities:

Selected References, Learning Communities
Gabelnick, Faith, J. MacGregor, R.S. Matthews, and R.S. Smith. (1990).
Learning Communities: Creating Connections among Students, Faculty, and
Disciplines.  New Directions for Teaching and Learning No 41.  San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
                This hallmark volume discusses theoretical roots of learning
communities, describes categories of LCs, provides guidance on implementing
LCs, discusses outcomes for students and perspective transformation of
faculty and the pedagogy of teaching, discusses implications for higher
education, and has a bibliography of resources, contact persons, books, and
articles on LCs.

Lenning, Oscar T. and Ebbers, Larry. H. (1999).  The Powerful Potential of
Learning Communities: Improving Education for the Future. ASHE-ERIC Higher
Education Report Volume 26, No. 6.  Washington, DC: The George Washington
University, Graduate School of Education and Human Development.  This ERIC
document gives a thorough discussion of learning communities: the theory
that supports them and on which they are based; their definition(s) and the
types most important for postsecondary education; a presentation of various
collaborative learning activities; the benefits of learning communities for
students, faculty, and the institution; a discussion of virtual learning
communities; and questions and issues in establishing student learning
communities on campus.

Levine, J. H. (Ed.) (1999).  Learning communities: New structures, new
partnerships for learning (Monograph No. 26). Columbia, SC: University of
South Carolina, National Resource Center for the First-Year Experience ad
Students in Transition. Another terrific resource for understanding the
rationale of learning communities, the process of planning for them and
teaching in them, with chapters on partnerships between student affairs,
academic advising, and the first-year seminar.

Shapiro, N. S. and Levine, J. H. (1999).  Creating learning communities: A
practical guide to winning support, organizing for change, and implementing
programs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.  The title says it all. This book is
full of  practical advice, case studies, and theory enough for anyone who
wants to begin to create a learning community.

Tinto, V. (1997). Classrooms as communities.  The Journal of Higher
Education, 68(6), 599-623. This article clearly brings together the
literature on involvement and the classroom experience/environment.
Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the Coordinated Studies Program
at Seattle Central Community College shows that restructuring the classroom
environment does make a difference.

Tinto, V. (1998, January 26-27).  Learning communities and the
reconstruction of remedial education in higher education. Paper presented at
the Conference on Replacing Remediation in Higher Education, Stanford
University, January 26-27 sponsored by the Ford Foundation and the United
States Department of Education.  Excellent source on the connecting of
learning communities and developmental education, using the New Student
House at LaGuardia Community College to demonstrate increased pass rates,
leaning activity scores, persistence, and satisfaction.  And it's a
wonderful source of student comments!

Iowa State University www.public.iastte.edu/~learningcommunity  How to
construct and assess learning communities, including survey instruments,
reports, and presentations.

Evergreen State College http://192.211.16.12/user/homef.htm  Evergreen State
College is a pioneer in fully coordinated learning communities.

The Washington Center: www.evergreen.edu/user/washcntr/index.asp  National
clearinghouse for collaborative learning and more.
         Also, a national LC directory, LC resources. How to get free
subscription to The Washington Center News.  Extensive
        bibliography on collaborative learning, learning communities,
outcomes assessment.

Wilcox, K. J., delMaas, R. C., Stewart, B., Johnson, A. B., and Ghere, D.
(1997). The "package course" experience and
        developmental education. Journal of Developmental Education, 20(3),
18-20, 22, 24, 26.

Jane Neuburger
NYCLSA  Past President
Assistant Professor, Reading, Writing, Tutoring
Cazenovia College
Cazenovia, NY 13035
(315) 655-7206
(315) 655-2190 (fax)
[log in to unmask]

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