I am currently attempting to answer some of these questions. I have finished
a small study that examines the spatial dispersion of urban adolescent
network members, and the interaction between these distances and health
related outcomes. Further, we are examining the geographical/spatial affects
on networks, and on health related outcomes. We are working on finishing a
paper towards this end. We have developed a 3-dimensional risk profile for
understanding the social ecology of urban adolescents. The 3 dimensions are
the personal risk area (drug use, mental health), social network risk area
(number of users, number of positive activities, etc) and geography of risk
(crime, drug use, alcohol outlets). From our pilot study, we have begun to
see patterns of spatially dispersed social network membership which are
embedded in contextual settings ranging from risky to safe. Our data revealed
that substance users locations of safety and risk compared to non-users were
spatially differentiated at the neighborhood level and that users were more
likely to rate their home or close location as the most risky location and
were less likely to report their home as the safest location. Users were
also more likely to frequent more risky locations than non-users, and users’
identified safest locations were further away compared to non users.
These data are from:
Mason, M., Walker, L., & Cheung, I. (2002). The social ecology of urban
adolescent substance use in primary care. Paper presented at the annual
meeting of the Society for Prevention research, Seattle, WA.
We will be submitting these findings to the journal Connections at the end of
Hope this helps.
Michael Mason, Ph.D.