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PSYART  September 2002, Week 3

PSYART September 2002, Week 3

Subject:

Magic of Prayer

From:

Norman Holland <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 14 Sep 2002 14:42:46 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (232 lines)

From:
       John Fraim <[log in to unmask]>

1:28 AM



Thought the list might be interested in a review of my friend Mel
Faber's new book The Magic of Prayer. The review was written a few
months ago but is just now appearing in the international Journal of
Psychohistory. Am sending it below because the journal is not online.

Best,

John Fraim
http://symbolism.org/

---------------------------------------------

The Mother of Magic
John Fraim


"Ask and ye shall receive."
Mark 11:24




In the 90s, M.D. Faber published a trilogy of books on New Age themes:
Modern Witchcraft and Psychoanalysis (1993), New Age Thinking: A
Psychoanalytic Critique (1996), and Synchronicity: C. G. Jung,
Psychoanalysis, and Religion (1998). He brought an unusual academic mix
of disciplines to the task of looking at the New Age phenomenon. In his
"past" life, he was Professor Emeritus of English Language and
Literature at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. In his
"post" past life, he had developed into a leading psychoanalytic
commentator on religion, philosophy, literature and art.

One might add, a commentator with a naturalistic perspective. This
perspective was fully developed in Synchronicity, the last book in the
trilogy. Rather than see synchronicity as a spiritual occurrence with
paranormal overtones, he suggested it evidenced a return of the
repressed. In this way it offered a mnemonic trace of events that
actually transpired in the early life of the individual when outer and
inner boundaries washed together like the edges in a water color
painting. His book on synchronicity was praised by Harvardís Richard
Noll, author of The Jung Cult, The Aryan Christ and the most influential
contemporary Jungian debunker. As Noll wrote, "This is an absolutely
fascinating book, and the best commentary on synchronicity that I have
ever read."

In the beginning of his new book The Magic of Prayer: An Introduction to
the Psychology of Faith (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002) Faber notes that
he came to see New Age thinking as a "retreat into magic in an age of
science." This intrigued him since he had always "known that religion
abhorred magic" but at the same time was accustomed to "joining religion
and magic in some significant yet unspecified way."

When his interest in New Age thinking subsided, he turned his attention
to the "vast realm of religion" and soon found himself engrossed in
William Jamesís The Varieties of Religious Experience. In Jamesís book
he learned that "supplication was the central religious behavior." To
pray, Faber observes, was to have a religious life of some kind.
For James, the emotional benefits of prayer, the powerful sense of
reality accompanying it and the sense that something or someone else was
present "were best explained through reliance upon the supernatural
sphere." James called this supernatural area "transmundane energies."
Towards the end of his book he substituted God for the supernatural.

While Faber has high praise for the seminal William James book, he still
had the feeling James was "struggling mightily" with this question of
supernaturalism and "reaching his conclusions almost in spite of
himself." This led Faber to explore in earnest the literature on
supplication. "If religion had something to tell me about magic, and
magic about religion," he notes, "it would probably emerge, I now
recognized, through an in-depth, energetic probing of supplicatory
conduct."

His current book The Magic of Prayer was the result of his exploration
of supplication. He came to see prayer as "magical behavior" but magical
behavior "not in some loose, informal sense," but rather in the
"rigorous sense that pervaded the professional anthropological
literature." In effect, the type of rigorous literature on magic that
began with Sir James Frazerís The Golden Bough (1890).

In setting forth his "magic of prayer" hypothesis, Faber came to the
realization that he was offering an alternative to the supernaturalism
of James more than an explanation of prayer. It was a similar type of
alternative he had offered to Jungís theory of synchronicity. As he
notes:

Where James found transmundane energies, or God, at work in
supplication, I found only human fantasy and longing. Even the strong
sense of reality that accompanied prayer, the sense of something being
there, indeed that most of all, could be thoroughly and convincingly
interpreted along naturalistic, psychological lines.

For Faber, individual subjective prayer came to be viewed as an instance
of homeopathic magical conduct. In this sense, it ritualistically
conjures up a version of the first, primal, biological situation in
which the dependent "little" one cries out to a parental "big" one for
physical and emotional nourishment. Eventually, religion and its
expression of faith through prayer, provides a magical protective
presence that is natural in its return to the primal, rather than
supernatural, as James argues, in its presence and existence.

Faber notes that asking (from the "little" child) and receiving (from
the "big" parent) "is the central feature, the very essence, of the
childís reality, or world." Later, the adult practitioner of prayer is
"unconsciously or psychically returned to the parental alliance which he
knew and enjoyed in the beginning and which he now complexifies and
elaborates in accordance with his current requirements and the
promptings of culture" embodied in such elements as scripture, theology,
precept and artifact.

With these outlines drawn Faber sets out to offer a psychodynamic model
of human development which will be of interest to many psychohistorians.
He gives special emphasis to the first years of life, "the years during
which the seeds of religious beliefs are sown." Ultimately, as Faber
says, he is looking for "connections between religious belief as it
emerges through narrative, precept, metaphor, and symbol, and
psychological proposition as it emerges through clinical, therapeutic
practice and through related anthropological study of magical behavior."

Much of this model is ultimately indebted to Freud. However, Faber notes
it is indebted directly and overwhelmingly to several of his followers
whose work became prominent in the decades after his death: Melanie
Klein, Ronald Fairbairn, Donald Winnicott, John Bowlby, Margaret Mahler,
Daniel Stern, Christopher Bollas and Stephen Mitchell. As Faber notes,
"What each of these thinkers has in common with the rest is perhaps best
expressed in Fairbairnís key notion, at the bedrock of present-day
psychoanalysis, that the child seeks the object, the person, the
relation, and not the discharge of his oral or anal instincts." The main
tether he uses for his psychodynamic model is Margaret Mahlerís
Psychological Birth of the Human Infant (1975).

Towards the end of his book Faber concludes that prayerís magical
intention is to recapture in idealized form the very infantile
relationship upon which oneís existence is founded. Psychological
regression to infancy is built into the procedure as an essential
component of its successful enactment. Unless one regresses radically,
unless one rediscovers his infantile bond to the caregiver and transfers
it to his current spiritual guide, one falls short of the magical goal
toward which he directs his emotions. "While one may grow in prayer as
one proceeds through life," Faber observes, "while one may become, say,
less concerned with self and more concerned with others, one is fated to
keep both magic and infantile dependency alive as long as one continues
to pray to an anthropomorphic parental presence who is lovingly devoted
to His childís idiosyncratic wishes and needs. Each and every time one
conjures up this arrangement, one reinforces the infantile, magical
dimension of his character."

M.D. Faberís The Magic of Prayer covers an immense expanse of literature
and conceptual ideas with profound intellectual acumen and wit. The
Socratic method is constantly deployed, the author delivering up his own
wise, questioning skeptic to his own ideas. In the process, the reader
is given access to the behind the scenes working of a powerful new force
in the naturalistic demystification of New Age spiritualism. Kennenth L.
Brown, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of
Manchester says it well:

"This work will have to be studied and reckoned with for many years to
come by anyone who seeks to analyze the deeper motivations that drive
people to prayer and to religion. This is on the individual level, as
well as on the societal or cultural level. At the same time, Faberís
carefully crafted argument helps us to understand, if not forgive, the
forms of madness that religious faith and practice have taken throughout
history and until today, including the conflicts in the Balkans and in
the endless wars between Israelis and Palestinians."

And of course one can now add the conflict between America and the
Islamic terrorists. Faber mentions Islam a few times in his book but he
leaves it to others to explore the significance of prayer in particular
cultures.

One might indulge in some instant speculation. In Islamic culture prayer
is by public supplication five times a day. Contrast this with the
number of times each day an American prays. Over the course of a year, a
Muslim has prayed over 1,700 times. How may times has an American
prayed? Most likely much less than 1,700 times. Does this grand quantity
of prayer itself evidence a form of overproduction of illusion?
Conversely, does a lack of prayer evidence a dearth of illusion?

Whatever the relevance of prayer in Islamic and American culture, Faber
points out the connection between religionís inescapable infantilism and
its historical tradition of persecution and war, its intolerance to
dissent, its appetite for violence and terror. "Because religion keeps
infantilism alive, because through transformational prayer we become
magically, emotionally, perceptually Godís dependent, helpless children,
beholden to Him and to Him primarily for our security and salvation,
those who challenge our God with their alternative claims threaten us,
His vulnerable kin, at the elemental, infantile level of our existence."

In this way, the otherís claim reaches down to our infantile
supplicatory roots where our primal anxieties and attachments reside.
"What looms for us unconsciously in the hated claim and challenge of the
other is precisely separation and loss."

Faber asks at the end of his brilliant book "Is it any wonder we wish to
exterminate the unbeliever?"



© 2002 John Fraim


John Fraim is President of The GreatHouse Company in Santa Rosa,
California. GreatHouse is engaged in research, consulting and publishing
involving the symbolism of popular culture. See his web site at
http://symbolism.org. M.D. Faber can be contacted via email at
[log in to unmask]










   jfraim.vcf

              Name:
                  jfraim.vcf
              Type:
                  VCard (text/x-vcard)
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April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
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April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
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March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
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August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
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July 1999, Week 5
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June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
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April 1999, Week 5
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April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
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March 1999, Week 1
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February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
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July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 4

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