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BEST-L  April 2007

BEST-L April 2007

Subject:

German Renewable Energy Law

From:

Paul Wassink <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Paul Wassink <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 18 Apr 2007 09:28:56 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (86 lines)

Hello Best,

This is kind of old news (2000), but as our nation address how we might set
up price (value) of renewable energy, we have to opportunity to learn from
other countries successes.

Currently in most of America, if one produces green energy on a small scale,
one must negociate a price with the power company. And since power companies
make money be selling electricity and not by buying it, the price is low,
usually even lower than the retail price of electricity. Green power
advocates are campaigning for laws to guaranteed at least the retail price
for green electricity.

In Germany, they decided that electricity that comes from renewable sources
is inherently more valuable than conventional electricity, and should be
sold back to the grid at a higher price than retail. The set up a tariff
system for each type of renewable energy based on size, location, and
source. And defined a rate for each one. The require the power companies to
buy the electricity at this rate. Tax money does not pay for the
electricity. This causes an extra burden on the power companies, and so they
must charge everyone more for electricity. The retail cost of electricity
has gone up 5% because of this.

The information below shows the tariffs for different types of renewable
energy. The standard retail price for electricity in Germany is about
.10€/kWh. The cost below are referenced to a certain date, because the value
of money is not constant. As money depreciates, the rates go up accordingly.
The information below was copied from
here<http://www.solarserver.de/solarmagazin/eeg.html>and translated
using
babelfish <http://babelfish.altavista.com/>. I am not the original author.

Remuneration sets per kilowatt-hour in cent - EEG novella  *Solar
electricity*      Plant = < 30 KW = < 100 KW > 100 KW to the comparison, to
31.07.04:  Roof 57,4 ct 54,6 ct 54,0 ct 45,7 ct
  Front 62,4 ct 59,6 ct 59,0 ct 45,7 ct
  Open land plants   45,7 ct   45,7 ct

Gradual decrease: 5 % annually starting from 2005, with open space plants:
6,5 % starting from 2006
 Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008  Building plants 57,4 ct 54,53 ct 51,80 ct 49,21
ct 46,75 ct  starting from 30 KW 54,6 ct 51,87 ct 49,28 ct 46,82 ct
44,48 ct  starting
from 100 KW 54,0 ct 51,30 ct 48,74 ct 46,30 ct 43,99 ct  Front bonus 5,00 5,00
ct 5,00 ct 5,00 ct 5,00 ct  Open land plants 45,7 ct 43,42 ct 40,60 ct 37,96
ct 35,49 ct      *Wind force ashore*      Basis remuneration 5,5 ct/kWh to
the comparison, to 31.07.04: 5,9 ct
  Increased remuneration 8,7 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,8 ct

- increased remuneration is paid at least 5 years
- "60 %-clause": No remuneration for plants, for which before start-up it
was not proven that they can obtain at least 60 % of the Referenzertages at
the planned location.
- gradual decrease: 2% starting from 2005
- Repowering regulation with substitution of old plants, at least triple
achievement     *Offshore wind force*      Basis remuneration 6,19
ct/kWh  Increased
remuneration 9,1 ct/kWh      - increased remuneration is long paid 12 years
(so far 9 years)
- this special arrangement applies until 2010 (so far 2006)
- gradual decrease: 2% starting from 1.1. 2008     *Geothermie*      to 5 MW 15
ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,95 ct
  to 10 MW 14 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04:: 8,95 ct
  to 20 MW 8,95 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,95 ct
  starting from 20 MW 7,16 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 7,16 ct
      - gradual decrease: 1% starting from 01.01.2005     *Bio energy *(also
for river from gas by line)      up to 150 KW/H 11,5 ct/kWh to the
comparison, to 31.07.04: 9,9 ct
  up to 500 KW/H 9,9 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,9 ct
  to 5 MW 8,9 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,9 ct
  5 MW - 20 MW 8,4 ct/kWh to the comparison, to 31.07.04: 8,4 ct
      - gradual decrease annually 1.5 % starting from 01.01.2005

Zuschlaege: cumulatively:
- addition: Force heat coupling (KWK): 2 cent
- addition: Innovative technologies and procedures 2 cent, a condition is
the KWK - use.
  Innovative procedures
 Innovative technologies
  • Dressing on natural gas quality • Gas cells  •thermochemical
gasification • Gas turbines  •Trockenfermention • Steam engines    • ORC -
Plants    • Multi-material mixture plants    • Stirling engines

- addition: Regenerating raw materials, liquid manure and Schlempe
from rural brennereien (NAWARO)
 up to 500 KW 6 ct/kWh  to 5 MW (not wood) 4 ct/kWh  to 5 MW wood 2,5 ct/kWh

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