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Subject:

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Is High Among Students, Study Finds

From:

Dan Kern <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Open Forum for Learning Assistance Professionals <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 23 Jul 2009 07:21:47 -0500

Content-Type:

multipart/related

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (214 lines) , image001.gif (214 lines)

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Is High Among Students, Study Finds

 

Secondhand smoke exposure is high among college students, a study
<http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090721091833.htm>  in the
journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research has found. The study analyzed 4,223
undergraduates at 10 colleges and universities in North Carolina, and found
that 83 percent reported exposure to secondhand smoke at least once in the
past week. The research was conducted by scientists at Wake Forest
University. A statement by Mark Wolfson, lead author on the study, said:
"While some college campuses are smoke free, others have virtually no
restrictions on smoking, not even in the residence halls. There is a growing
national movement to move away from that, but it still very much varies by
campus. In this first study to evaluate SHS exposure among college students,
we were really kind of floored to see how many, and how frequently, students
are exposed to it."

Source:  http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2009/07/23/qt#204130


Rates Of Secondhand Smoke Exposure High Among College Students


ScienceDaily (July 22, 2009) - Secondhand smoke (SHS) is not only a
nuisance, but a potential health concern for many college students, and
administrators should be taking steps to reduce students' exposure,
according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest University School of
Medicine.

It is the first study to provide evidence of the high rates of SHS exposure,
and correlates of exposure, among college students in the United States.

Funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the study
can be found online today and will appear in the July 23 issue of Nicotine &
Tobacco Research, a publication of the Society for Research on Nicotine and
Tobacco.

"It is well-known that there are some serious health issues surrounding
secondhand smoke," said Mark Wolfson, Ph.D., lead author on the study,
professor and section head for the Section on Society and Health in the
Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy. "While some college
campuses are smoke free, others have virtually no restrictions on smoking,
not even in the residence halls. There is a growing national movement to
move away from that, but it still very much varies by campus. In this first
study to evaluate SHS exposure among college students, we were really kind
of floored to see how many, and how frequently, students are exposed to it."

For the study, researchers surveyed 4,223 undergraduate college students
from 10 North Carolina universities - eight public and two private. They
were asked questions about their drinking and smoking habits, demographics
(age, gender, race, parents' education level), lifestyle (residence on- or
off-campus, living in a substance-free dormitory, participation in a
fraternity or sorority) and SHS exposure.

Of the participants, 83 percent reported having been exposed to SHS at least
once in the seven days preceding the survey. Most of those exposures (65
percent) happened at a restaurant or bar, followed by exposure at home or in
the same room as a smoker (55 percent) and in a car (38 percent).

Daily and occasional smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to report
exposure, perhaps not surprising given that they are more likely than other
students to have friends who smoke and to frequent or live in locations
where smoking occurs, according to the study. Similarly, students who binge
drink were more likely than other students to report exposure to SHS, likely
reflective of the co-occurrence of smoking and drinking among college
students.

Other factors that appeared to be associated with increased exposure to SHS
included living in residence locations where smoking is allowed or locations
associated with smoking, such as Greek houses and off-campus housing, being
female, of white race, having parents with higher education levels and
attending a public versus private school.

Nearly all nonsmokers (93.9 percent) and the majority of smokers (57.8
percent) reported that SHS was somewhat or very annoying.

"We were really shocked to see that 83 percent of students reported at least
some exposure during the previous week," Wolfson said. "That said, we don't
know if the exposure was at a nuisance level or at a level that might
influence health. Either way, knowing what we know about SHS, lowering the
rates of smoking is definitely something we should be seriously looking at
on college campuses."

SHS contains at least 250 chemicals that are either toxic or carcinogenic
and is, itself, considered a human carcinogen. In nonsmokers, exposure to
SHS is estimated to be responsible for 3,000 deaths annually from lung
cancer and 35,000 deaths from coronary heart disease, respiratory
infections, asthma, sudden infant death syndrome and other illnesses in
children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention, 2002.

Recent studies suggest that most colleges do not have a comprehensive ban on
smoking. In fact, in another study of the largest public university in each
of the 50 states, researchers found that only 54 percent of schools banned
smoking inside student housing and 50 percent banned smoking outside
building entrances. As a result, college students are likely to be exposed
to SHS regularly.

More than 10 million individuals were enrolled in 4-year degree-granting
institutions in fall 2002, thus colleges represent a key setting for
preventing exposure to SHS to promote public health.

Although college administrators may be limited in their ability to affect
exposure in some locations, they have a responsibility to provide a safe and
healthy environment for students, the authors wrote in their study, and
should consider looking at ways to take steps to reduce smoking and
concomitant exposure to SHS among their students. Such steps include
enacting smoke-free campus policies and offering smoking cessation services,
such as those recommended by the American College Health Association.

The NC Health and Wellness Trust Fund's Tobacco Free Colleges initiative
promotes work to prevent initiation of tobacco use among young adults,
eliminate exposure to secondhand smoke on college campuses, promote
cessation and reduce health disparities among college students attributable
to tobacco use.

Additionally, a new law in North Carolina prohibiting smoking in nearly all
restaurants and bars will go into effect January 2, 2010.

"Debates about smoking restrictions, especially on college campuses, often
revolve around considerations of individual choice," Wolfson said. "However,
the issue of SHS exposure brings in the rights of all to a healthy
environment. This is an issue which is beginning to resonate with many
college administrators."

Co-authors on the study were Thomas P. McCoy, M.S. and Erin L. Sutfin,
Ph.D., both of the School of Medicine.

  _____  

Adapted from materials provided by Wake <http://www.wfubmc.edu>  Forest
University Baptist Medical Center.

Email or share this story:

| More <http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=250>  

Need to cite this story in your essay, paper, or report? Use one of the
following formats:  

APA

MLA 

Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center (2009, July 22). Rates Of
Secondhand Smoke Exposure High Among College Students. ScienceDaily.
Retrieved July 23, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com-
/releases/2009/07/090721091833.htm

Source:  http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090721091833.htm


http://www.sciencedaily.com/images/logo-print.gif

Web address:
     http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/
     090721091833.htm

 

 

 

Dan Kern

AD21, Reading

East Central College

1964 Prairie Dell Road

Union, MO  63084-4344

Phone:  (636) 583-5195

Extension:  2426

Fax:  (636) 584-0513

Email:  [log in to unmask]

 

Cowardice asks the question, 'Is it safe?' Expediency asks the question, 'Is
it politic?' Vanity asks the question, 'Is it popular?' But, conscience asks
the question, 'Is it right?' And there comes a time when one must take a
position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular but one must take it
because one's conscience tells one that it is right. (Martin Luther King,
Jr.) 

Instruction begins when you, the teacher, learn from the learner. Put

yourself in his place so that you may understand what he learns and

the way he understands it. (Kierkegaard)

 

To freely bloom - that is my definition of success. -Gerry Spence, lawyer
(b. 1929)    [Benjamin would be proud, I think.]

 


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