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SOCNET  July 2016

SOCNET July 2016

Subject:

selected Latest Complexity Digest Posts (fwd)

From:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 25 Jul 2016 10:14:04 -0400

Content-Type:

MULTIPART/MIXED

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (155 lines)

*****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org  *****

fyi. + see my editorial comments after first item

   Barry Wellman

    A vision is just a vision if it's only in your head
    Step by step, link by link, putting it together
                  Streisand/Sondheim
  _______________________________________________________________________
   NetLab Network                 FRSC                      INSNA Founder
   http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman           twitter: @barrywellman
   NETWORKED: The New Social Operating System  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
                        http://amzn.to/zXZg39
   _______________________________________________________________________


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2016 11:03:25 +0000
From: "[utf-8] Complexity Digest" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
To: "[utf-8] Barry" <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: [utf-8] Latest Complexity Digest Posts

Learn about the latest and greatest related to complex systems research. More at http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=df98306d24&e=55e25a0e3e



The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists

    Explore the biggest challenges facing science, and how we can fix them:
1. Academia has a huge money problem
2. Too many studies are poorly designed
3. Replicating results is crucial ˙˙ and rare
4. Peer review is broken
5. Too much science is locked behind paywalls
6. Science is poorly communicated
7. Life as a young academic is incredibly stressful

Conclusion: Science is not doomed


http://unam.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=ffd803a67b&e=55e25a0e3e

See it on Scoop.it (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=347599afbd&e=55e25a0e3e) , via Papers (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=3e3ca97fed&e=55e25a0e3e)

BW: If this list is accurate, if I am a funder, why should I put money 
(#1) into a system with poorly designed (#2), unreplicated (#3), and 
poorly communicated (#5, #6) projects.
Or you can look at it backwards, if there are too little funds (#1), do 
the other problems partially stem from that, including #7?


Peer review and competition in the Art Exhibition Game

    Competition is an essential mechanism in increasing the effort and 
performance of human groups in real life. However, competition has side 
effects: it can be detrimental to creativity and reduce cooperation. We 
conducted an experiment called the Art Exhibition Game to investigate the 
effect of competitive incentives in environments where the quality of 
creative products and the amount of innovation allowed are decided through 
peer review. Our approach is general and can provide insights in domains 
such as clinical evaluations, scientific admissibility, and science 
funding. Our results show that competition leads to more innovation but 
also to more unfair reviews and to a lower level of agreement between 
reviewers. Moreover, competition does not improve the average quality of 
published works.


Peer review and competition in the Art Exhibition Game
Stefano Baliettia,b,c,1, Robert L. Goldstoned, and Dirk Helbing

PNAS

http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=f8d72bee35&e=55e25a0e3e

See it on Scoop.it (http://unam.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=3680522cb2&e=55e25a0e3e) , via Papers (http://unam.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=a1ce6dde8c&e=55e25a0e3e)



Extended inclusive fitness theory: synergy and assortment drives the evolutionary dynamics in biology and economics  

    W.D. Hamilton˙˙s Inclusive Fitness Theory explains the conditions that 
favor the emergence and maintenance of social cooperation. Today we know 
that these include direct and indirect benefits an agent obtains by its 
actions, and through interactions with kin and with genetically unrelated 
individuals. That is, in addition to kin-selection, assortation or 
homophily, and social synergies drive the evolution of cooperation. An 
Extended Inclusive Fitness Theory (EIFT) synthesizes the natural selection 
forces acting on biological evolution and on human economic interactions 
by assuming that natural selection driven by inclusive fitness produces 
agents with utility functions that exploit assortation and synergistic 
opportunities. This formulation allows to estimate sustainable 
cost/benefit threshold ratios of cooperation among organisms and/or 
economic agents, using existent analytical tools, illuminating our 
understanding of the dynamic nature of society, the evolution of 
cooperation among kin and non-kin, inter-specific cooperation, 
co-evolution, symbioses, division of labor and social synergies. EIFT 
helps to promote an interdisciplinary cross fertilization of the 
understanding of synergy by, for example, allowing to describe the role 
for division of labor in the emergence of social synergies, providing an 
integrated framework for the study of both, biological evolution of social 
behavior and economic market dynamics. Another example is a bio-economic 
understanding of the motivations of terrorists, which identifies different 
forms of terrorism.


Extended inclusive fitness theory: synergy and assortment drives the evolutionary dynamics in biology and economics
Klaus Jaffe

SpringerPlus 2016 5:1092
http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=966cfc50be&e=55e25a0e3e

See it on Scoop.it (http://unam.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=a7e4cf7d48&e=55e25a0e3e) , via Papers (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=088531ae1a&e=55e25a0e3e)


Molecular networks, the rise of networks of networks - ICSB 2016. Barcelona

    This special session focuses on the network inspired approaches to analysis and integration of
the massive data sets now prevalent in the life sciences. It introduces new approaches and
solutions to the Big Data problem, and presents new techniques in the field of graph theory for
handling and processing challenging large data sets. By discussing cutting-edge problems and
techniques, the session offers researchers from a wide range of fields a unique opportunity to gain
an insight on the status and perspectives of exploiting big heterogonous data in the life-sciences
through concept of ˙˙Network of Networks˙˙.


Satellite Workshop Tutorial:
Molecular networks, the rise of networks of networks

International Conference on Systems Biology

http://unam.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=1956c1dec8&e=55e25a0e3e

See it on Scoop.it (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=83934b1db4&e=55e25a0e3e) , via CxConferences (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=5654f26bf0&e=55e25a0e3e)



==============================================
Sponsored by the Complex Systems Society.
Founding Editor: Gottfried Mayer.
Editor-in-Chief: Carlos Gershenson.

You can contribute to Complexity Digest selecting one of our topics (http://unam.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b&id=16e64bd204&e=55e25a0e3e ) and using the "Suggest" button.
==============================================
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