LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.0

Help for SOCNET Archives


SOCNET Archives

SOCNET Archives


SOCNET@LISTS.UFL.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Monospaced Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

SOCNET Home

SOCNET Home

SOCNET  March 2018

SOCNET March 2018

Subject:

selected Latest Complexity Digest Posts (fwd)

From:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 12 Mar 2018 09:32:11 -0400

Content-Type:

MULTIPART/MIXED

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (154 lines)

***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org *****

With the election of Doug Ford to head the PC party, Ontario may have lost
its smugness vis-a-vis the Trumpian US.

   Barry Wellman

    A vision is just a vision if it's only in your head
    Step by step, link by link, putting it together
                  Streisand/Sondheim
    The earth to be spannd, connected by network -- Walt Whitman
        It's Always Something -- Roseanne Roseannadanna
  _______________________________________________________________________
   NetLab Network FRSC INSNA Founder
   Distinguished Visiting Scholar Social Media Lab Ryerson University
   Distinguished Senior Advisor University Learning Academy
   NETWORKED: The New Social Operating System Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
   https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.chass.utoronto.ca_-7Ewellman&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=Wwkow3jp2WSjjdhcIF0JdIz10qKFJWmhRegFr17EMvE&e= https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__amzn.to_zXZg39&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=zsUjW2G-FUXTIkD31f9AQ73gKvISEdJOB4-B1cLasw4&e=
   _______________________________________________________________________

The science of fake news

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D70a46177d6-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=q2CkLk8kgGsxeer0NK7AEkqAi2uhB0F5EimO6RsfBbY&e=

The rise of fake news highlights the erosion of long-standing institutional bulwarks against misinformation in the internet age. Concern over the problem is global. However, much remains unknown regarding the vulnerabilities of individuals, institutions, and society to manipulations by malicious actors. A new system of safeguards is needed. Below, we discuss extant social and computer science research regarding belief in fake news and the mechanisms by which it spreads. Fake news has a long history, but we focus on unanswered scientific questions raised by the proliferation of its most recent, politically oriented incarnation. Beyond selected references in the text, suggested further reading can be found in the supplementary materials.


The science of fake news
David M. J. Lazer, Matthew A. Baum, Yochai Benkler, Adam J. Berinsky, Kelly M. Greenhill, Filippo Menczer, Miriam J. Metzger, Brendan Nyhan, Gordon Pennycook, David Rothschild, Michael Schudson, Steven A. Sloman, Cass R. Sunstein, Emily A. Thorson, Duncan J. Watts, Jonathan L. Zittrain

Science 09 Mar 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1094-1096
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao2998

Source: science.sciencemag.org (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3De4f94b8b21-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=r-urXanxI7ak2KfP3M7xlfj9qjd8LhrSOU1SMAryugg&e=)



The spread of true and false news online

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D56957dc9bc-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=afEme5mlg5nnnPQeIIf-Mxuq8uVp2JUjo5Npoz6BmfE&e=

We investigated the differential diffusion of all of the verified true and false news stories distributed on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. The data comprise ~126,000 stories tweeted by ~3 million people more than 4.5 million times. We classified news as true or false using information from six independent fact-checking organizations that exhibited 95 to 98% agreement on the classifications. Falsehood diffused significantly farther, faster, deeper, and more broadly than the truth in all categories of information, and the effects were more pronounced for false political news than for false news about terrorism, natural disasters, science, urban legends, or financial information. We found that false news was more novel than true news, which suggests that people were more likely to share novel information. Whereas false stories inspired fear, disgust, and surprise in replies, true stories inspired anticipation, sadness, joy, and trust. Contrary to conventional wisdom, robots
accelerated the spread of true and false news at the same rate, implying that false news spreads more than the truth because humans, not robots, are more likely to spread it.


The spread of true and false news online
Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy, Sinan Aral

Science 09 Mar 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1146-1151
DOI: 10.1126/science.aap9559

Source: science.sciencemag.org (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dcea81e78e0-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=dzGrYkdHK7k_emA9gfN_-dMxTYYzUh-6geCURx0NkRA&e=)


Who holds the power?

    What was the cause of Donald Trump's stunning victory over Hillary
Clinton in the 2016 U.S. presidential election? Was it the peculiarities
of the electoral college? Voter resistance to three-term rule by a single
party? Anxiety about illegal immigration? As Niall Ferguson explains in
The Square and the Tower, the answer lies largely in one word: networks.


Who holds the power?
Sean P. Cornelius
The Square and the Tower: Networks and Power, from the Freemasons to Facebook Niall Ferguson Penguin Press, 2018. 607 pp.
Science 09 Mar 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1109
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar8692

Source: science.sciencemag.org (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D857761bd50-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=XUqKpGt6ZHnba-pDQR7bkrScKuWAyYWG7F5SPwKvNx8&e=)



Autonomous agents modelling other agents: A comprehensive survey and open problems

    Much research in artificial intelligence is concerned with the development of autonomous agents that can interact effectively with other agents. An important aspect of such agents is the ability to reason about the behaviours of other agents, by constructing models which make predictions about various properties of interest (such as actions, goals, beliefs) of the modelled agents. A variety of modelling approaches now exist which vary widely in their methodology and underlying assumptions, catering to the needs of the different sub-communities within which they were developed and reflecting the different practical uses for which they are intended. The purpose of the present article is to provide a comprehensive survey of the salient modelling methods which can be found in the literature. The article concludes with a discussion of open problems which may form the basis for fruitful future research.


Autonomous agents modelling other agents: A comprehensive survey and open problems
Stefano V.Albrecht, PeterStone

Artificial Intelligence
Volume 258, May 2018, Pages 66-95

Source: www.sciencedirect.com (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D02b4fc1a34-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=LHSNfADAPou99fFh1_nAGrSZVda3BKPslwJvmR-Rx04&e=)



Not-so-distant reading: A dynamic network approach to literature

    In this article we report about our efforts to develop and evaluate
computational support tools for literary studies. We present a novel
method and tool that allows interactive visual analytics of character
occurrences in Victorian novels, and has been handed to humanities
scholars and students for work with a number of novels from different
authors. Our user study reveals insights about Victorian novels that are
valuable for scholars in the digital humanities field, and informs UI as
well as UX designers about how these domain experts interact with tools
that leverage network science.


Not-so-distant reading: A dynamic network approach to literature

Markus Luczak-Roesch, Adam Grener, Emma Fenton

it - Information Technology
Published Online: 2018-02-28 | DOI: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Ddc54de3251-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=pIx6j1gS8c0BYcmEQmVFoE5ee52LTlzuFozmXfN4cls&e=

Source: www.degruyter.com (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D9b3624180b-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=F0ZBxWj-xeNOoLO2aXPw3IbDzw-Q4X8EJ1sG-qJopXY&e=)


Network Medicine ˙˙18

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dcd75a7f548-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=Hu-SStovnktDmDhAShP3gghXljib4JWMcizcAbJsrlE&e=

Network science is having a huge impact in various aspects of
health-related research. The advent of more comprehensive personalized
data has fostered the emergence of precision medicine: an approach that
considers individual genetic and physiological characteristics, lifestyle
and environment in devising personalized therapies. Such an approach
benefits greatly from big data and network approaches at multiple levels.
First, integrating different molecular ˙˙interactomic˙˙ datasets from a
single patient, from subcellular to organ-level, is a fundamental step
towards understanding the mechanistic underpinnings of personalized health
states. Moreover, there has been a continued improvement in the
availability of health-related data, such as electronic health records
detailing patient histories and providing accurate diseases statistics.


Network Medicine '18
Personalized Medicine in the Era of Big Data

Source: sharmalab.bwh.harvard.edu (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Def6d4652b9-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=zjJ1hgt_sc27G0d8DSrP53XZJ6VGTC4etpt7GDvcQcs&e=)



==============================================
Sponsored by the Complex Systems Society.
Founding Editor: Gottfried Mayer.
Editor-in-Chief: Carlos Gershenson.

You can contribute to Complexity Digest selecting one of our topics (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Da8575f3906-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=Oy0QxzKaM_U_5HViFXIBEn8CNGk9FOFThXqXKdTovR4&s=98Z4OZ7Ek_ixJAui_TSFp5lsHkXsQBTr4HwDh2hU8zA&e= ) and using the "Suggest" button.
==============================================
==============================================
_____________________________________________________________________
SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social
network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send
an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line
UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008, Week 62
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LISTS.UFL.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager