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SOCNET  January 2019

SOCNET January 2019

Subject:

Latest Complexity Digest Posts (fwd)

From:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 29 Jan 2019 19:24:24 -0500

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (73 lines)

*****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org  *****

selected, as I avoic winter in the US SW for a while
small N this week, because the original was small
   Barry Wellman


   Step by step, link by link, putting it together--Streisand/Sondheim
        The earth to be spannd, connected by network--Walt Whitman
              It's Always Something--Roseanne Roseannadanna

              A day like all days, filled with those events
          that alter and illuminate our times--Walter Cronkite
  _______________________________________________________________________
   NetLab Network      			                            FRSC
   Distinguished Visiting Scholar   Social Media Lab   Ryerson University
         Founder, International Network for Social Network Analysis
   NETWORKED: The New Social Operating System  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
   https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.chass.utoronto.ca_-7Ewellman&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=92uRp_j9f1r0CzfBk3XI7wuAwWJUZwJGjIspNxiqdi8&e=            https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__amzn.to_zXZg39&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=Nyrcd94tJxsasuPQv0laT3aa-7adDZIcGgl-FU4QNoE&e=
              https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__en.wikipedia.org_wiki_Barry-5FWellman&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=Xgc3JnY3kdydVpo3EaWtM0LXni3Df-yvFP6vgWXlRc8&e=
   _______________________________________________________________________


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 28 Jan 2019 12:07:23 +0000
From: "[utf-8] Complexity Digest" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
To: "[utf-8] Barry" <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: [utf-8] Latest Complexity Digest Posts

Learn about the latest and greatest related to complex systems research. More at https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dc8142d38e8-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=l-4wWuVqTdwL1nCkGnZjSYgWI9xILNIV47q6NmhRHek&e=



Gravity and scaling laws of city to city migration

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dbbea108ec5-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=1DUb7oUbSAm-jK37kdH6e_NnQSNm8G9GlfGdPp1MaLI&e=

Models of human migration provide powerful tools to forecast the flow of migrants, measure the impact of a policy, determine the cost of physical and political frictions and more. Here, we analyse the migration of individuals from and to cities in the US, finding that city to city migration follows scaling laws, so that the city size is a significant factor in determining whether, or not, an individual decides to migrate and the city size of both the origin and destination play key roles in the selection of the destination. We observe that individuals from small cities tend to migrate more frequently, tending to move to similar-sized cities, whereas individuals from large cities do not migrate so often, but when they do, they tend to move to other large cities. Building upon these findings we develop a scaling model which describes internal migration as a two-step decision process, demonstrating that it can partially explain migration fluxes based solely on city size. We then
consider the impact of distance and construct a gravity-scaling model by combining the observed scaling patterns with the gravity law of migration. Results show that the scaling laws are a significant feature of human migration and that the inclusion of scaling can overcome the limits of the gravity and the radiation models of human migration.


Prieto Curiel R, Pappalardo L, Gabrielli L, Bishop SR (2018) Gravity and scaling laws of city to city migration. PLoS ONE 13(7): e0199892. https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D191247abad-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=6VazaEYDraCjIHvVGvXLMjZNouWAIB_Jyy5HlncYIQM&e=

Source: journals.plos.org (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3De7c0aece56-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=CGR5uC9YsWjc66MO0jndLIYWlga53TDTTt7TSfF_YwY&e=)

Topological control of synchronization patterns: Trading symmetry for stability

    Symmetries are ubiquitous in network systems and have profound impacts on the observable dynamics. At the most fundamental level, many synchronization patterns are induced by underlying network symmetry, and a high degree of symmetry is believed to enhance the stability of identical synchronization. Yet, here we show that the synchronizability of almost any symmetry cluster in a network of identical nodes can be enhanced precisely by breaking its structural symmetry. This counterintuitive effect holds for generic node dynamics and arbitrary network structure and is, moreover, robust against noise and imperfections typical of real systems, which we demonstrate by implementing a state-of-the-art optoelectronic experiment. These results lead to new possibilities for the topological control of synchronization patterns, which we substantiate by presenting an algorithm that optimizes the structure of individual clusters under various constraints.


Topological control of synchronization patterns: Trading symmetry for stability
Phys. Rev. Lett.
Joseph D. Hart, Yuanzhao Zhang, Rajarshi Roy, and Adilson E. Motter

Source: journals.aps.org (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D492d7de2d8-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIBAg&c=pZJPUDQ3SB9JplYbifm4nt2lEVG5pWx2KikqINpWlZM&r=uXI5O6HThk1ULkPyaT6h2Ws3RKNKSY__GQ4DuS9UHhs&m=dpiYPlONoxh-_8xaMJ9ujbvuaQzwp0Ji8yqF4YSSNgo&s=kDxoOQBkb-pNygNfpW6VZY9RXnlkLxIgiWR5m4D6P68&e=)



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Founding Editor: Gottfried Mayer.
Editor-in-Chief: Carlos Gershenson.

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