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SOCNET  May 2019

SOCNET May 2019

Subject:

selected Latest Complexity Digest Posts (fwd)

From:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Barry Wellman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 13 May 2019 09:37:47 -0400

Content-Type:

MULTIPART/MIXED

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (107 lines)

*****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org  *****

Weather continues to be awful in Toronto, but Raptors won the NBA series 
last night, so all is good.
Selected digest abstracts below
   Barry Wellman


   Step by step, link by link, putting it together--Streisand/Sondheim
        The earth to be spannd, connected by network--Walt Whitman
              It's Always Something--Roseanne Roseannadanna

              A day like all days, filled with those events
          that alter and illuminate our times--Walter Cronkite
  _______________________________________________________________________
   Director, NetLab Network      			            FRSC
   Distinguished Visiting Scholar   Social Media Lab   Ryerson University
         Founder, International Network for Social Network Analysis
   NETWORKED: The New Social Operating System  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
   https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.chass.utoronto.ca_-7Ewellman&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=jbOsziFhvwMxnE6ghHkAbXvy6p5ePOhlcW4dUldek_k&e=            https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__amzn.to_zXZg39&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=D6fsU32CkivtkbQrv5GC1jQizu1V3JhxQuysf5ViWxA&e=
              https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__en.wikipedia.org_wiki_Barry-5FWellman&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=o44CPMzpJ35kZV3HEhd7qLuitJjQrZUnILamatstCb8&e=
   _______________________________________________________________________


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 13 May 2019 11:03:39 +0000
From: "[utf-8] Complexity Digest" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
To: "[utf-8] Barry" <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: [utf-8] Latest Complexity Digest Posts

Learn about the latest and greatest related to complex systems research. More at https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dba792c01b9-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=Ez-G4TsDu3Gy3rCrQuWEDHCo9LiuhrmpHCEsB2pl_oQ&e=



Don˙˙t let industry write the rules for AI

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D56215c3ad1-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=QVK5rVrYMCoe1ozUSNu3FhleSB6VJ7YoHZ9j-Se8LOU&e=

Companies˙˙ input in shaping the future of AI is essential, but they cannot retain the power they have gained to frame research on how their systems impact society or on how we evaluate the effect morally. Governments and publicly accountable entities must support independent research, and insist that industry shares enough data for it to be kept accountable.


Don˙˙t let industry write the rules for AI

Yochai Benkler

Nature 569, 161 (2019)

doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-01413-1

Source: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.nature.com&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=Q0zOGmkHr6q7qinrwRaz8I2_Z_4GgkZ1GE7fQmyoYQI&e= (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dd8df36e468-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=xC2nYloZjAZ94SpN_fBclYb7Kd7ajLa4potoVLSpGCk&e=)



The Social Science Behind How Change Happens by Cass R. Sunstein ˙˙

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dce2edcd5a7-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=79Yvm9IZUGVl39PsswkznQmY47K9wWTyB-7p0G_89Zs&e=

In How Change Happens, law professor Cass R. Sunstein, formerly a senior adviser in the Obama White House, draws on behavioral science to describe the actions that lead to social change, whether for good or ill. In this excerpt, he describes the power of breaking with convention and challenging the seemingly entrenched norms that ˙˙leash˙˙ and inhibit us.

Source: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.yesmagazine.org&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=mGrHDFZsj37MzsY_nwK3DJm5ODHHiwUwopWYBQxJ4mE&e= (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D051bbd4f93-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=OHAT3S2jXkSi25c3meQaCq-D_OqI6fv-p_kgGGgJFiM&e=)



Productivity, prominence, and the effects of academic environment

    Past studies have shown that faculty at prestigious universities tend to be more productive and prominent than faculty at less prestigious universities. This pattern is usually attributed to a competitive job market that selects inherently productive faculty into prestigious positions. Here, we test the extent to which, instead, faculty˙˙s work environments drive their productivity. Using comprehensive data on an entire field of research, we use a matched-pair experimental design to isolate the effects of training at, versus working in, prestigious environments. We find that faculty˙˙s work environments, not selection effects, drive their productivity and prominence, establishing that where a researcher works serves as a mechanism for cumulative advantage, locking in past success via job placement and thereby facilitating future success.

Productivity, prominence, and the effects of academic environment

Samuel F. Way, Allison C. Morgan, Daniel B. Larremore, and Aaron Clauset
PNAS

Source: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.pnas.org&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=NVes8HeAcye2p4i5Qj5Wa6pq-q_UQx4Vl1HVB3YM4w0&e= (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3Dbb6d15e41a-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=zstH10mpq8Jf3AHSvRYJMpZ5tFIBOayunbDNECyQcpQ&e=)



Social alliances improve rank and fitness in convention-based societies

    https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D2bc8d28d53-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=0iqho2uly-na5Yc9_zv5XZwxOwam808WZBS7vQQMWZ8&e=

What forces produce and maintain social inequality, and why do society members tolerate this inequality? The ˙˙One Percent˙˙ clearly benefit from having high status, but low-status individuals have strong incentive to challenge the established pecking order and try to improve their position. This conundrum is particularly striking in the societies of many primates and spotted hyenas, where females who are born to low-status mothers rarely manage to improve their position. Here we find that females who are strongly allied with their group-mates are more likely to improve their status, and that upward social mobility is often achieved with support from their closest allies. This suggests that, much like some animals compete physically for status, these species compete through social alliances.


Social alliances improve rank and fitness in convention-based societies

Eli D. Strauss and Kay E. Holekamp
PNAS April 30, 2019 116 (18) 8919-8924

Source: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.pnas.org&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=NVes8HeAcye2p4i5Qj5Wa6pq-q_UQx4Vl1HVB3YM4w0&e= (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D3d959a3f9a-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=v8ehtxnXgwhoRJUm55xZt0P3Qa6xUdoWfmIZobQINDY&e=)

==============================================
Sponsored by the Complex Systems Society.
Founding Editor: Gottfried Mayer.
Editor-in-Chief: Carlos Gershenson.

You can contribute to Complexity Digest selecting one of our topics (https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__unam.us4.list-2Dmanage.com_track_click-3Fu-3D0eb0ac9b4e8565f2967a8304b-26id-3D726aee7305-26e-3D55e25a0e3e&d=DwIFAw&c=sJ6xIWYx-zLMB3EPkvcnVg&r=yQQsvTNAnbvDXGM4nDrXAje4pr0qHX2qIOcCQtJ5k3w&m=hPDVMISKBx5w2QI1kBacZkikxqjcJh-gIruc_Kb3W8w&s=2LeisUGcgFCRp-QqkQpy-xiwgCllyATl0JCS1nq9rkY&e= ) and using the "Suggest" button.
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