Thanx. And, this is the link to which you are referring:



-----Original Message-----
From: Norman Stahl [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
Sent: Monday, January 22, 2001 5:13 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: FYI

College Freshmen Study Less, Survey Says
Study Also Indicates More Interest in Money, Less in Politics

.c The Associated Press

LOS ANGELES (Jan. 22) - College freshmen are technologically savvy and
receive higher grades than past students but they study less, according to a
nationwide survey released Monday.

Freshmen also seem to have little interest in politics and are smoking and
drinking less, according to a study conducted last fall by the University of
California, Los Angeles, in conjunction with the American Council on

The survey was based on responses by 269,413 students at 434 colleges and

A record 78.5 percent of students said they frequently used computers before
attending college - a figure that has nearly tripled since 1985, when the
question was first asked.

Men were twice as likely than women to rate their computer skills as above
average. Men were also five times more likely to pursue careers in computer
programming - 9.3 percent compared to 1.8 percent of women - and said they
spent far more time on the Internet.

''Research has shown that women feel computers and technology is a male do
main,'' said survey director Linda Sax, a UCLA education professor. ''In a
work force increasingly dependent on technological proficiency, women's
relative lack of computing confidence is likely to place them at a

The survey also found the freshmen were more liberal in their politics -
approved of gay rights and opposed the death penalty - but less interested
than ever in the political process.

Only 28.1 percent had an interest in political affairs - a new record low,
beating the 28.6 percent figure of 1999. The survey's peak figure of 60.3
percent came in 1996.

The percentage usually doesn't drop during a presidential year, but Sax
that the survey was conducted before the disputed November election.

Some 27.7 percent of freshmen identified themselves as ''liberal'' or ''far
left,'' up slightly from 1999. The ''middle of the road'' percentage shrank
slightly to 51.9 percent, while those identifying themselves as
''conservative'' or ''far right'' remained fairly constant at 20.3 percent.

Students also said they were studying less but getting better grades. Only
percent of incoming freshmen spent six or more hours a week doing homework,
yet nearly 43 percent said they had ''A'' averages in high school, up from
42.7 percent in 1999. About 18 percent of students in 1968 said they earned
top grades.

More college prep courses and easier grading by high school teachers may be
stoking the increase, education experts said.

Beer drinking and cigarette smoking continued to decline in 2000, but there
was a slight increase in wine consumption.

Only 48.3 percent of freshmen last fall said they drank beer frequently or
occasionally, compared to 48.6 percent in 1999. The percentage of students
who smoke cigarettes dropped from 10.7 percent to 10 percent. Just over half
of the students said they drank wine or liquor occasionally or frequently,
fractionally from 1999.

As for goals, about 73 percent of the freshmen listed being ''very well off
financially.'' About the same figure cited raising a family.

 AP-NY-01-22-01 0437EST

Copyright 2001 The Associated Press. The information contained in the AP
report may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or otherwise distributed
without the prior written authority of The Associated Press.  All active
hyperlinks have been inserted by AOL.

Norman A. Stahl
Professor and Chair
Literacy Education
GH 223
Northern Illinois University
DeKalb, IL 60115

Phone: (815) 753-9032
FAX:   (815) 753-8563
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Universities are institutions run by amateurs to train professionals.
Derek Bok----Harvard University
In examinations, the man who succeeds is not the man who can write well
about something that he knows, but the man who can write brilliantly about
something of which he knows nothing.  D.B. Jackson----the Royal Air Force