Dear PSYARTers, I've taken the liberty of publishing on PSYART an editorial or op-ed piece of my own, a mixtureof survey and opinion. It's called "The Neurosciences and the Arts." This is a much expanded version of my talk at the 18th International Conference in Literature and Psychology, University of Nicosia (Cyprus), May 16, 2001.Norman N. Holland, "The Alp: The Human Sciences and the Neurosciences," it began life as a talk at the Center for Neuroscience Studies, University of Florida, March 10, 2000. The abstract is below. --Best, Norm Norm Holland [log in to unmask] The neurosciences and the human sciences seek mind in two different ways. One studies special populations under experimental conditions. The other proceeds from the assumption set out by Chomsky and Freud, that whatever all humans do must be innate in the brain. Combining these two approaches is leading to insights into the arts. Understanding the brain processes that use universal grammar suggest the special “exercise” function of poetic language. Metaphor as embodied thought is probably hard wired in the brain also. The sociality inherent in our brains explains audience and reader response. Systems in the brain for a persistent identity explain also the persistence of artists’ styles. Infants’ experience with animate and inanimate objects may explain our dual experience of literature and the arts: emotional and analytical.