Pardon me, if I go into some other directions. But, the below articles have dealt with spatial, relational, and some other network relations in conjunction with implementation of computer technologies in organizational settings (i.e., Does technology overcome the problems in relations caused by spatial, geo distance?)

Rice, R. E., & Aydin, C. (1991). Attitudes toward new organizational technology: Network proximity as a mechanism for social information processing. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36(2), 219(226).

Rice, R. E. (1993). Using network concepts to clarify sources and mechanisms of social influence. In W. D. Richards, Jr. & W. P. Barnett (Eds.), Progress in communication sciences (Vol. 12). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Rice, R. E. (1994). Network analysis and computer-mediated communication systems. In S. Wasserman & J. Galaskiewicz (Eds.), Advances in social network analysis: Research in the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 167-203). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Or works might be... (But, one is in migration area and the other one is in social support...)

Price-Spratlen, T. (1998). Between depression and prosperity? Changes in the community context of  historical African American migration. Social Forces, 77( 2), 515-518.

Abstract: This article analyzes changes in the significance of  African American ethnogenesis on the contrasting flows of young migrants and total  migrants to urban areas throughout the United States. I test a destination  migration model during the two decades 1930-40 and 1950-60. Because of the  temporal and spatial dependency among the urban counties, I use seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) to estimate simultaneously the coefficients across  the two periods. By focusing on the characteristics of urban destinations, the article goes beyond most previous work that considers only the characteristics of places of origin. By examining two distinct time  periods, various period effects are also appropriately considered. The results support the significance of ethnogenesis, or the establishment of  "social networks and communication patterns as the bases of . . .  institutional and communal life" (Taylor 1979:1405), in shaping the historical migration  of African Americans. However, due in part to this very ethnogenic  activity, over time the relative risks of mobility for prospective migrants were gradually reduced as the migration itself became a social movement.  Many of  the factors that previously conditioned the migration declined in their significance, leading to reduced dynamism of the migration process.

Beggs, J. J., Haines, V. A., & Hurlbert, J. S. (1996). Situational contingencies surrounding the receipt of informal support. Social Forces, 75(1), 201-223.

Abstrat: The social support strand of network analysis has  confirmed the importance of taking seriously the personal network context  in studies of informal support. But, as recent reviews make clear, it has  paid relatively little attention to other situational contingencies that  may influence flows of informal support. To begin to fill this gap, we  draw on social-resources theory and research on helping behavior during  disasters to expand its analytical focus to cover two other situational  contingencies: local community context and receipt of formal support.  Using data on recovery support during Hurricane Andrew, we find that  although all three situational contingencies are important, their roles in  the support process become clear only when their effects are considered  simultaneously. We conclude by using the finding that the effects of the  personal network and local community contexts on informal support differ  for individuals who did and who did not receive formal support to call for  a better integration of the social support and social-resources strands of  network analysis.



-----Original Message-----
From: Social Network Researchers [mailto:[log in to unmask]]On Behalf Of Patricia Sachs
Sent: Friday, September 06, 2002 1:01 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: Probably Naive But ...

Has anyone done studies of social networks and geographic distance
(such as 10 mintue sof commuting, working a floor apart, a building
apart, etc.) in working relationships within and across companies?


Patricia Sachs

At 8:54 AM -0500 9/5/02, Doug Bryan wrote:
>Ten minutes of commuting reduces social capital by 10%.
>     -- R.D. Putnam,
>----- Original Message -----
>From: "Edmund Chattoe" <[log in to unmask]>
>To: <[log in to unmask]>
>Sent: Thursday, September 05, 2002 3:31 AM
>Subject: Probably Naive But ...
>>  Dear All,
>>  I know there's a literature on differences between urban and rural
>>  social networks but I'm interested in what social networkers believe
>>  about spatial effects generally. (I know geographers have some
>>  theories in this area too.)
>>  Specifically, how much difference does spatial dispersion make to
>>  network links? This can be looked at in two ways:
>>  1) Are the social networks of people who live - on average - further
>>  apart (like those in rural areas) different from those who live
>>  further together? How so? (A subsidiary question to this, that I
>>  don't think has been addressed, is: are people in an organisation
>>  more likely to know each other than, say, people in a city block,
>>  seeing this purely as a spatial phenomenon.)
>>  2) What is the spatial distribution for various kinds of network
>>  links: kin, friends, colleagues. I have seen a piece of work by a
>>  social pyschology (Latane/) that asked people to list all contacts in
>>  the last week and their location/type.
>>  Generally, there must be an awful lot of network data files about by
>>  now. How much meta analysis has been done so one could take an
>>  "anonymous" network and say "according to these measures, this is
>>  probably a network from an urban area/rural area/cyberspace/real
>>  organisation".
>>  ATB,
>>  Edmund
>>  --
>>  =========================================================================
>>  Edmund Chattoe: Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Littlegate
>>  House, St Ebbes, Oxford, OX1 1PS,  tel: 01865-286174,  fax: 01865-286171,
>>  Review Editor, J. Artificial Societies
>>  and  Social Simulation (JASSS)
>>  "So act as
>>  to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an
>>  end, and never as only a means."  (Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles)
>  > =========================================================================

Work Systems Innovation & Design
Patricia Sachs, PhD
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