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Hi Hongyan,
Here some reference on the flow of information.

Allen, T. J. (1969). Information needs and uses. Annual Review of
Information Science and Technology (ARIST), 4, 3-29.
Allen, T. J. (1977). Managing the flow of technology: Technology
transfer and the dissemination of technological information within the
R&D organization. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Burt, R. S. (1997). The contingent value of social capital.
Administrative Science Quarterly, 42, 339-365.
Burt, R. S. (1997). The social structure of competition. Social Capital,
42, 65-103.
Burt, R. S. (2000). The network structure of social capital. In R. I.
Sutton & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior.
Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Burt, R. S. (2000). Structural holes versus network closure as social
capital. In N. Lin, K. S. Cook , & R. S. Burt (Eds.), Social capital:
Theory and research. NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Hansen, M. T. (1999). The search-transfer problem: The role of weak ties
in sharing knowledge across organization subteams. Administrative
Science Quarterly, 44(1), 82-111.
Cross, R., Borgatti, S. P., & Parker, A. (2001). Beyond answers:
Dimensions of the advice network. Social Networks, 23, 215-235.
Cross, R., Borgatti, S. P., & Parker, A. (2002). Making invisible work
visible: Using social network analysis to support strategic
collaboration. California Management Review, 44(2), 25.
Cross, R., Rice, R. E., & Parker, A. (2002). Information seeking in
social context: Structural influences and receipt of information
benefits. IEEE Technology Systems Management, 31(4), 438-448.
Haythornthwaite, C., & Wellman, B. (1998). Work, friendship and media
use for information exchange in a networked organization. Journal of the
American Society for Information Science, 49(12), 1101-1114.

Ph.D. Candidate
Faculty of Information Studies
University of Toronto

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