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An empirical evidence for Dorothea's claim is in Darr and Talmud
(2003), "The Structure of Knowledge and Seller-Buyer Networks in Markets
for Emergent Technologies", Organization Studies 24 (3): 435-453.

On Sat, 27 Sep 2003, jansen wrote:

> Sinan, Rick and Steve,
> I think some other  important dimensions of context in brokerage and
> innovation is type of knowledge that is to be transfered (explicit -
> implicit/ tacit, degree of embeddedness of some artifact/ dependence on
> environment, private vs. collective good). The more the knowledge
> process is dependent on contexts, hand-on processes, the more an
> "embedded" (in contrast to a "structural hole") broker is needed.
>
> Best
> Dorothea
>
> Sinan Aral schrieb:
>
> > Rick and Steve,
> >
> > It seems to me that the importance of roles in innovation has as much
> > to do with context as it does with structure generally speaking.
> > Perhaps roles in Open Source communities are different than roles in
> > R&D labs or academic environments. In examining roles, it might be
> > worthwhile to incorporate contextual factors. If anyone has ideas on
> > approaches to considering "roles in context" I would be interested in
> > dialoguing.
> >
> > Here are the citations you requested Steve. Rick, if you have not
> > already, you might be interested in the Hargadon and Sutton work - a
> > qualitative look at brokerage in the context of product development
> > innovation.
> >
> > Best
> >
> > sinan
> >
> > Gould, Roger V. and Roberto M. Fernandez. 1989. “Structures of
> > Mediation: A Formal Approach to Brokerage in Transaction Networks.”
> > Sociological Methodology, Vol. 19., pp. 89-126.
> >
> > Fernandez, R. M. Structural bases of leadership in intraorganizational
> > networks. Social Psychology Quarterly, 1991, 54, 36-53.
> >
> > Fernandez, Roberto M. and Roger V. Gould. 1994. “A Dilemma of State
> > Power: Brokerage and Influence in the National Health Policy Domain.”
> > American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 99, No. 6., pp. 1455-1491.
> >
> > Hargadon, A and Sutton, R (1997) Technology Brokering and Innovation
> > in a Product Development Firm, Administrative Science Quarterly, (42),
> > p. 716-749.
> >
> >
> > At 10:34 AM 9/26/03 -0400, Steve Levin wrote:
> >
> >> *****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.sfu.ca/~insna/ *****
> >>
> >> How can I obtain a copy of Fernandez and Gould's original work on
> >> brokerage roles?
> >>
> >> Thanks,
> >>
> >> Steve Levin
> >>
> >> -----Original Message-----
> >> From: Aalbers.Rick [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
> >> Sent: Friday, September 26, 2003 8:27 AM
> >> To: [log in to unmask]
> >> Subject: brokerage roles
> >>
> >> *****  To join INSNA, visit http://www.sfu.ca/~insna/ *****
> >>
> >> >       Dear SOCNET people,
> >> >
> >> >       Looking at the brokerage theory, I noticed that most of the
> >> time
> >>
> >> > the importance of brokerage is highlighted as being essential for
> >> > organization wide innovation. However, the importance of the
> >> different
> >>
> >> > kind of brokerage roles (gatekeeper, liaison, coordinator -as def.
> >> by
> >> > fernandez and gould) seems to be neglected in the literature.
> >> >
> >> >       Q1): does anyone know any articles that deal specifically
> >> with
> >> > this topic; the importance of the various brokerage roles from an
> >> > innovation and knowledge sharing point of view?
> >> >
> >> >       Q2): Is there  literature on  the combination of these roles
> >> to
> >> > achieve effective knwoledge sharing as basis for innovation?
> >> >
> >> >       I would like to argue that gatekeepers are not as effective
> >> as
> >> > liaisons for increasing the innovative output of the organization.
> >>
> >> > Main reason is that the role of eg. gatekeepers implies a main
> >> > interest ino only increasing the innovation level of their
> >> affiliated
> >> > division.  Truly independent brokers, like liaisons are more
> >> useful
> >> > for inproving the organization wide level of innovation.Reason is
> >> for
> >> > instance that they have more flexibility in choosing the problems
> >> to
> >> > work on and the solutions to draw from, and  thereby  increasing
> >> the
> >> set of possible
> >> >       innovative combinations they can pursue.
> >> >
> >> >
> >> >       Please let me know. I appreciate your help a lot.
> >> >
> >> >       Kind regards,
> >> >
> >> >       Rick Aalbers
> >> >
> >> >
> >>
> >> _
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> >> __________________________________
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> >
> > *************************************
> > *********************************
> > Sinan Aral       [log in to unmask]
> >
> > IT Group - MIT Sloan School of Management
> >   Center for Information Systems Research
> >         http//web.mit.edu/sinana/www/
> >
> >
> >
>
> --
> Prof. Dr. Dorothea Jansen
> Lehrstuhl für Soziologie der Organisation
> Deutsche Hochschule für Verwaltungswissenschaften
> Postfach 1409
> D-67324 Speyer
>
> Tel. 06232/654-364 oder -359 (Sekretariat)
> Fax: 06232/654-418 oder -306
> Homepage: http://www.dhv-speyer.de
>
>

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