Print

Print


-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Fwd: Hello, Murray    -
BILINGUALISM'S BRAIN BENEFITS
Date: Thu, 08 Jul 2004 10:58:43 -0400
From: SONJA MORENO <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]


>X-Envelope-From: [log in to unmask]
>X-Envelope-To: <[log in to unmask]>
>From: "star.emg" <[log in to unmask]>
>To: "Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts" <[log in to unmask]>
>Subject: Hello, Murray    -    BILINGUALISM'S BRAIN BENEFITS
>Date: Tue, 22 Jun 2004 15:04:12 -0300
>X-Mailer: Microsoft Outlook Express 6.00.2800.1409
>X-Spam-Level: *
>X-Spam-Status: hits=1.715, required=5,
>                tests=BAYES_50,HTML_FONTCOLOR_RED,HTML_MESSAGE,SUB_HELLO
>X-Scanned-By: CNS Open Systems Group
>               (http://open-systems.ufl.edu/services/smtp-relay/)
>
>Hello, Murray !
>How have you been ?
>I noticed that my last 3 or 4 e-mails which were sent to Psyart to be
>forwarded to our friends were never sent.
>The first time it happened I thought you might have not considered the
>subject worth to be forwarded , althought I thought it was as it was  very
>interesting and an answer to someone who had asked about the myth of
>Narcisus and Eccho, but then as  time went by and I sporadically would
>send some other and  never saw them forwarded in the Net, I started to
>wonder why. Anything against Brazilians ?
>I would really be very thankful and pleased to hear from you and the
>reasons why my mails never got to be forwarded.
>Thank you so very much
>Estela M Galv„o
>
>Last mail I sent was about "Bilingualism and its good Effects on the
>Brain" . I assure you it is very interesting....
>
>I think this article might interest Psyart fellows. It was published in
>"The Washignton Post"
>Cheers
>Estela M Galvao
>
>Science  : Bilingualism's Brain Benefits
>Bilingual speakers are better able to deal with distractions than those
>who speak only a single language, and that may help offset age-related
>declines  in mental performance, researchers say.
>In studies conducted in Canada, India and Hong Kong, psychologists
>determined that individuals who spoke two languages with equal proficiency
>and used both equally did better than monolingual volunteers on tests that
>measured how quickly they could perform while distracted.
>"The bilingual advantage was greater for older participants," the
>researchers wrote yesterday  in the journal Psychology and Aging, adding
>that "bilingualism appears to offset age-related losses" in certain mental
>processes.
>Researchers used the Simon task, a test used to measure mental abilities
>that are known to decline with age. Test takers saw a red or a blue square
>flash on a computer screen and were told to depress one or the other of
>the two "shift" keys depending on which color appeared. As previous
>research has found, performance slowed when the colored squares moved from
>their original positions.
>  Three experiments showed that bilingual speakers of Cantonese and
> English, Tamil and English or French and English consistently
> outperformed English-only speakers, said the researchers at York
> University and the Rotman Research Institute in Toronto, and Dalhousie
> University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
>The team, led by Ellen Bialystok at York University, hypothesized that
>the  ability to hold two languages in the mind at the same time, without
>allowing words and grammar from one to slip into the other, might account
>for the greater control needed to perform well on the Simon task. An
>alternate hypothesis is that bilinguals have superior working memories for
>storing and processing information.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Sonja Moreno
Program Assistant
Department of English
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL  32611
(352) 392-7332
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~