***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.sfu.ca/~insna/ ***** In response to Emilie, the following article may address your question regarding the characteristics of social network ties: Hite, Julie M. (2003). “Patterns of multidimensionality in embedded network ties: A typology of relational embeddedness in emerging entrepreneurial firms.” Strategic Organization!, 1(1), 11-52. The paper addresses the characteristics of relationally-embedded network ties. It includes a table of characteristics from the literature and demonstrates that they fit within the model developed within this qualitative study. If you are interested in a .pdf, please email me directly. Julie Julie M. Hite Brigham Young University Dept. of Educational Leadership and Foundations 306B MCKB Provo, UT 84602 801-422-5039 [log in to unmask] _____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.sfu.ca/~insna/). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.