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Hello-

I am embarking on a research project that attempts to identify social roles from peoples behavioral and relational patterns in online interaction.

I would very much appreciate your advice, and will be happy to post the resulting list back to the group and forward the related endnote library on to anyone who wants it.

I am looking for research on three related issues:

Research that tests the accuracy of different network methods for identifying social roles, especially work that compares different network methods (to each other) and to estimates of roles based on other data source-- self report, observation, demographic covariates.  (Wassermand and Faust is an obvious starting point for the first half, but beyond that?)

The problem of using precise methods to identify imprecise roles.  Given that network data may contain error, and perhaps more importantly-- that peoples embodiment of different roles may be incomplete or manifold--  How best can network measures of social roles balance accuracy with the risk of making overly fine distinctions?

Third-- is there research that describes exploratory visualization methods of local neighborhoods for the purpose of identifying role similarity within and across different networks?

To begin I performed a cited reference search on Boorman, White and Breiger 1976 AJS.   The results of that search are below.

Can you point me to further research that addresses the issues described above?

And, of the below, are there any that you recomend as especially relevant to the issues raised above?

Thank you very much,

Ted Welser
University of Washington


Anderson, B. S., C. Butts, and K. Carley. 1999. "The interaction of size and density with graph-level indices." Social Networks 21:239-267.

Anderson, C. J., S. Wasserman, and B. Crouch. 1999. "A p* primer: logit models for social networks." Social Networks 21:37-66.

Biddle, B. J. 1986. "Recent Developments in Role-Theory." Annual Review of Sociology 12:67-92.

Boyd, J. P., and M. G. Everett. 1999. "Relations, residuals, regular interiors, and relative regular equivalence." Social Networks 21:147-165.

Boyd, J. P., and K. J. Jonas. 2001. "Are social equivalences ever regular? Permutation and exact tests." Social Networks 23:87-123.

Breiger, R. L., and P. E. Pattison. 1986. "Cumulated Social Roles - the Duality of Persons and Their Algebras." Social Networks 8:215-256.

Burt, R. S. 1990. "Detecting Role Equivalence." Social Networks 12:83-97.
Butts, C. T. 2001. "The complexity of social networks: theoretical and empirical findings." Social Networks 23:31-71.

Callero, P. L. 1994. "From Role-Playing to Role-Using - Understanding Role as Resource." Social Psychology Quarterly 57:228-243.

de Nooy, W. 1999. "The sign of affection - Balance-theoretic models and incomplete signed digraphs." Social Networks 21:269-286.

Doreian, P. 1988. "Equivalence in a Social Network." Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13:243-282.

—. 2001. "Causality in social network analysis." Sociological Methods & Research 30:81-114.

Everett, M. G., J. P. Boyd, and S. P. Borgatti. 1990. "Ego-Centered and Local Roles - a Graph Theoretic Approach." Journal of Mathematical Sociology 15:163-172.

Faust, K., and S. Wasserman. 1992. "Blockmodels - Interpretation and Evaluation." Social Networks 14:5-61.

Faust, K., and J. Skvoretz. 2002. "Comparing networks across space and time, size and species." Pp. 267-299 in Sociological Methodology 2002, Vol 32.

Faust, K., K. E. Willert, D. D. Rowlee, and J. Skvoretz. 2002. "Scaling and statistical models for affiliation networks: patterns of participation among Soviet politicians during the Brezhnev era." Social Networks 24:231-259.

Friedkin, N. E., and S. L. Thomas. 1997. "Social positions in schooling." Sociology of Education 70:239-255.

Galaskiewicz, J., and K. R. Krohn. 1984. "Positions, Roles, and Dependencies in a Community Interorganization System." Sociological Quarterly 25:527-550.

Galaskiewicz, J., and S. Wasserman. 1993. "Social Network Analysis - Concepts, Methodology, and Directions for the 1990s." Sociological Methods & Research 22:3-22.

Hoff, P. D., A. E. Raftery, and M. S. Handcock. 2002. "Latent space approaches to social network analysis." Journal of the American Statistical Association 97:1090-1098.

Lubbers, M. J. 2003. "Group composition and network structure in school classes: a multilevel application of the p* model." Social Networks 25:309-332.

Mandel, M. 2000. "Measuring tendency towards mutuality in a social network." Social Networks 22:285-298.

Martin, J. L. 1998. "Structures of power in naturally occurring communities." Social Networks 20:197-225.

Montgomery, J. D. 2000. "The self as a fuzzy set of roles, role theory as a fuzzy system." Pp. 261-314 in Sociological Methodology 2000, Vol 30.

Noma, E. 1986. "Using Blockmodels to Map the Structural Congruence of Social-Relations." Social Networks 8:175-189.

Nowicki, K., and T. A. B. Snijders. 2001. "Estimation and prediction for stochastic blockstructures." Journal of the American Statistical Association 96:1077-1087.

Pattison, P., and S. Wasserman. 1999. "Logit models and logistic regressions for social networks: II. Multivariate relations." British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology 52:169-193.

Pattison, P., and G. Robins. 2002. "Neighborhood-based models for social networks." Pp. 301-337 in Sociological Methodology 2002, Vol 32.

Raftery, A. E. 2001. "Statistics in sociology, 1950-2000: A selective review." Pp. 1-45 in Sociological Methodology 2001, Vol 31.

Robins, G., P. Pattison, and S. Wasserman. 1999. "Logit models and logistic regressions for social networks: III. Valued relations." Psychometrika 64:371-394.

Robins, G., P. Pattison, and P. Elliott. 2001. "Network models for social influence processes." Psychometrika 66:161-189.

Robins, G., P. Elliott, and P. Pattison. 2001. "Network models for social selection processes." Social Networks 23:1-30.

Rogers, E. M. 1987. "Progress, Problems and Prospects for Network Research - Investigating Relationships in the Age of Electronic Communication Technologies." Social Networks 9:285-310.

Schweinberger, M., and T. A. B. Snijders. 2003. "Settings in social networks: A measurement model." Pp. 307-341 in Sociological Methodology, Vol 33.

Skvoretz, J., and K. Faust. 1999. "Logit models for affiliation networks." Pp. 253-280 in Sociological Methodology 1999, Vol 29.

Snijders, T. A. B. 2001. "The statistical evaluation of social network dynamics." Pp. 361-395 in Sociological Methodology 2001, Vol 31.

Walker, G. 1985. "Network Position and Cognition in a Computer Software Firm." Administrative Science Quarterly 30:103-130.

Winship, C. 1988. "Thoughts About Roles and Relations - an Old Document Revisited." Social Networks 10:209-231.

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