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Hi Valdis,

There is actually some history to nonhuman primate social networks.
Clarence Ray Carpenter, in many respects the father of naturalistic
primatology, spent a lot of time thinking about primate sociometry.  You
can see the germ of this in his early work on howler monkeys of Barro
Colorado Island and the rhesus monkeys of Cayo Santiago.  He sketched
sociograms representing gibbon social organization in 1937 (these notes
can be found in the Carpenter Papers housed at Penn State). Carpenter,
it seems, was profoundly influenced by Moreno.  He has a paper from 1945:

Carpenter, C.R. 1945. Concepts and problems in primate sociometry.
Sociometry. 8:56-61.

In a truly remarkable book edited by Robert Hinde in 1983, there are a
number of examples of nonhuman animal sociometry, complete with
sociograms. Cynthia Moss and Joyce Poole have a terrific chapter on
elephant social relationships that includes two circulant (weighted)
sociograms depicting sex-specific association patterns of sexually
active females.  John Colvin also provides sociograms for the Cayo
Santiago rhesus macaques.

The full reference for this volume is:

Hinde, R. A. (ed.) 1983. Primate Social Relationships. Oxford: Blackwell
Scientific Publications.

Richard Conner has some great stuff on dolphin social networks, which I
assume from your posting that you have seen.

Hope this helps!


James Holland Jones
Assistant Professor

Department of Anthropological Sciences
Building 360
Stanford, CA 94305-2117

phone:  650-723-4824
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