***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** This recent article in the Journal of Social Structure may also be relevant: http://www.cmu.edu/joss/content/articles/volume5/JohnsonKrempel/ -----Original Message----- From: Social Networks Discussion Forum [mailto:[log in to unmask]]On Behalf Of Han Woo PARK (Dr) Sent: Wednesday, January 12, 2005 12:24 AM To: [log in to unmask] Subject: Re: Re: Network Similarity and Language Use ***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** Hi all, I like to add the follwoing CMC-related sematic network analyses to Rice's list. Also, there are some research to apply the analysis into the S&T study at http://users.fmg.uva.nl/lleydesdorff/korea/ Best, Han.. Paccagnella, L. ( 1998 ) Language, Network Centrality and Response to Crisis in On-line Life: a Case Study on the Italian Cyberpunk Computer Conference , the Information Society 14 : 117 – 135 Smith, M. (1999c). Invisible crowds in cyberspace: Measuring and mapping the social structure of USENET. In Smith, M., & Kollock, P. (Eds.), Communities in cyberspace (pp. 195-219). London: Routledge. Kang, N., & Choi, J. H. (1999). Structural implications of the crossposting network of international news in cyberspace. Communication Research, 26(4), 454-481. Paolillo, J. C. (2001). Language variation on Internet Relay Chat: A social network approach. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 5(2), 180-213. > > > -----Original message----- > From: "Ronald E. Rice" > To: [log in to unmask] > Date: 2005/01/09()10:29 > Subject: Re: Network Similarity and Language Use > > ***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** > > Here's some summariziation of semantic network analysis and related > approaches that have treated of the underlying issue you are getting at, > with various operationalizations in each: > > > The essence of semantic network analysis is rather > straightforward (Danowski, 1988). Text is analyzed to determine some measure > of the extent to which words are related, which indicates something about > their meaning. One measure of this relationship is the extent to which word > pairs co-occur within a given meaning unit. Then, this measure of > relatedness across a set of words is used to group, cluster, or scale the > words (or some subset, such as the more frequently used words). These > clusters can be directly interpreted, or used to derive more quantitative > measures for use in other analyses, or bases for formal content analysis. > Network approaches have been applied to the study of semantic memory and > association processes (Chang, 1986; Collins & Quillian, 1969; Flores-d'Arcais > & Schreuder, 1987), information retrieval algorithms and systems (Savoy, > 1992), citation analysis (Callon, Courtial, Turner, & Bauin, 1983; Danowski > & Martin, 1979; Lievrouw, Rogers, Lowe, & Nadel, 1987; and Rice & Crawford, > 1992), content analysis of traditional and CMC media (Cuilenburg, > Kleinnijenhuis, & de Ridder, 1986; Danowski, 1982), and responses to > open-ended survey questions (Carley & Palmquist, 1992; Rice & Danowski, > 1993). Semantic network analysis using has been applied to understanding > positioning of candidates and issues in presidential debates (Doerfel & > Marsh, 2003), and the structure of interests in the International > Communication Association (Doerfel & Barnett, 1999), among other topics. > These and other prior studies provide the underlying arguments about > representing cognition and meaning through content associations. > > > > Callon, M., Courtial, J-P., Turner, W., & Bauin, S. (1983). From > translations to problematic networks: An introduction to co-word analysis. > Social Science Information, 2, 191-235. > > Carley, K., & Palmquist, M. (1992). Extracting, representing and analyzing > mental models. Social Forces, 70, 601-636. > > Chang, T.M. (1986). Semantic memory: Facts and models. Psychological > Bulletin, 99, 199-220. > > Collins, A.M., & Quillian, M.R. (1969). Retrieval time from semantic > memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 8, 240-247. > > Consalvo, M., Baym, N., Hunsinger, J., Jensen, K.B., Logie, J., Murero, M. & > Shade, L.R. (Eds.). (2004). Internet research annual, vol. 1: Selected > papers from the Association of Internet Researchers conferences 2000-2002. > New York, NY: Peter Lang. > > Cuilenburg, J.J. van, Kleinnijenhuis, J., & de Ridder, J.A. (1986). A > theory of evaluative discourse: Towards a graph theory of journalistic > texts. European Journal of Communication, 1, 65-96. > > Danowski, J. (1982). A network-based content analysis methodology for > computer-mediated communication: An illustration with a computer bulletin > board. In R. Bostrom (Ed.), Communication yearbook 6 (pp. 904-925). New > Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books. > > Danowski, J. (1988). Organizational infographics and automated auditing: > Using computers to unobtrusively gather and analyze communication. In G. > Goldhaber & G. Barnett (Eds.), Handbook of organizational communication > (pp. 385-434). Norwood, NJ: Ablex. > > Danowski, J.A. & Martin, T.H. (1979). Evaluating the health of Information > Science: Research community and user contexts. (Contract No. IST78-21130). > Washington, DC: National Science Foundation. > > Doerfel, M. L. & Barnett, G. A. (1999). A semantic network analysis of the > international communication association. Human Communication Research, 25 > (4), 589-603. > > Doerfel, M. L., & Marsh, P. S. (2003). Candidate-issue positioning in the > context of presidential debates. Journal of Applied Communication Research, > 31, 212-237. > > Flores-d'Arcais, G.B., & Schreuder, R. (1987). Semantic activation during > object naming. Psychological Research, 49, 153-159. > > Jones, S. (2004). Imaging an association. In M. Consalvo, N. Baym, J. > Hunsinger, K.B. Jensen, J. Logie, M. Murero, & L.R. Shade (Eds.). (2004). > Internet research annual, vol. 1: Selected papers from the Association of > Internet Researchers conferences 2000-2002. (in press). New York, NY: Peter > Lang. > > Lievrouw, L., Rogers, E.M., Lowe, C.U., & Nadel, E. (1987). Triangulation as > a research strategy for identifying invisible colleges among biomedical > scientists. Social Networks, 9, 217-248. > > Rice, R.E., & Crawford, G. (1992). Context and content of citations between > communication and library and information science articles. In J. Schement > & B. Ruben (Eds.), Information and behavior 4 (pp. 189-217). New Brunswick, > NJ: Transaction Press. > > Rice, R. E., & Danowski, J. (1993). Is it really just like a fancy > answering machine? Comparing semantic networks of different types of voice > mail users. Journal of Business Communication, 30(4), 369-397. > > Savoy, J. (1992). Bayesian inference networks and spreading activation in > hypertext systems. Information Processing and Management, 28, 389-406. > > Woelfel, J. (1991). CatPac [Computer program]. Buffalo, NY: New York State > University, Department of Communication. > > -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- > > The following are some references I retrieved from the Ingenta, using author > names I'm familiar with, and terms such as "semantic network analysis" or > "semantic networks", along with some brief thoughts for why each might be > relevant. > > > > Monge and Contractor have developed a specific application/meaning for > semantic network analysis. They argue that patterns of similarity in word > use, or interpretations of meanings (such as corporate mission statements) > should be associated with patterns of similarity in network/communication > relations. I.e., you could have an affiliation matrix of people by > words/themes and then convert that into a people by people matrix, and then > test for an association of that with a people by people communication > network matrix. Thus, shared meaning could also be the basis for influencing > the development of network relations, such as in a knowledge management > system. Some of these may discuss some of those concepts and results: > > Managing Knowledge Networks. Authors: Contractor, N. S.; Monge, P. R. > Source: Management Communication Quarterly, November 2002, vol. 16, no. 2, > pp. 249-258. > > Communication and Motivational Predictors of the Dynamics of Organizational > Innovation. Authors: Monge, Peter R.; Cozzens, Michael D.; Contractor, > Noshir S. Source: Organization science, 1992 , vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 250. > > Network Theory and Small Groups. Authors: Katz, N.; Lazer, D.; Arrow, H.; > Contractor, N. Source: Small Group Research, June 2004, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. > 307-332. > > Information Systems Division: Intrapersonal, Meaning, Attitude, and Social > Systems. Authors: Shapiro, M. A.; Lang, A.; Hamilton, M. A.; Contractor, N. > S. Source: Communication Yearbook, 2001 , vol. 24, pp. 17-50. > > Formal and Emergent Predictors of Coworkers' Perceptual Congruence on an > Organization's Social Structure. Authors: Heald, Maureen R.; Contractor, > Noshir S.; Wasserman, Stanley. > > Source: Human communication research, 1998 , vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 536. > > Interactional Influence in the Structuring of Media Use in Groups: Influence > in Members' Perceptions of Group Decision Support System Use. Authors: > Contractor, Noshir S.; Seibold, David R.; Heller, Mark A. Source: Human > communication research, 1996 , vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 451. > > Strategic Ambiguity in the Birth of a Loosely Coupled Organization: The Case > of a $50-Million Experiment. Authors: Contractor, Noshir S.; Ehrlich, > Matthew C. Source: Management communication quarterly, 1993 , vol. 6, no. 3, > pp. 251. > > Structural Position and Perceived Similarity. Authors: Michaelson, Alaina; > Contractor, Noshir S. Source: Social psychology quarterly, 1992 , vol. 55, > no. 3, pp. 300. > > The Use of Semantic Network Analysis to Manage Customer Complaints. Authors: > Fitzgerald, G. A.; Doerfel, M. L. Source: Communication Research Reports, > 2004 , vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 231-242. > > Semantic Connectivity: An Approach for Analyzing Symbols in Semantic > Networks. Authors: Carley, Kathleen M.; Kaufer, David S. Source: > Communication theory, 1993 , vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 183. > > Intersubjective Semantic Meanings Emergent in a Work Group: A Neural Network > Content Analysis of Voice Mail. Authors: Sherblom, J. C.; Reinsch, N. L.; > Beswick, R. W. Source: Progress in Communication Sciences, 2001, no. 17, pp. > 33-50. > > European Managers' Interpretations of Participation: A Semantic Network > Analysis. Author: Stohl, Cynthia. Source: Human communication research, 1993 > , vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 97. > > Accuracy of Metrics for Inferring Trust and Reputation in Semantic Web-Based > Social Networks. Authors: Golbeck, J.; Hendler, J. Source: Lecture Notes in > Computer Science, 2004, no. 3257, pp. 116-131. > > Visualisation of Semantic Networks and Ontologies Using AutoCAD. Authors: > Mesina, M.; Roller, D.; Lampasona, C. Source: Lecture Notes in Computer > Science, 2004, no. 3190, pp. 21-29 > > Measuring Semantic Similarity Between Words Using Lexical Knowledge and > Neural Networks. > > Authors: Li, Y.; Bandar, Z.; Mclean, D. Source: Lecture Notes in Computer > Science, 2002, no. 2412, pp. 111-116. > > Semantic Networks in a Knowledge Management Portal. Author: Lebeth, K. > Source: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2001, no. 2174, pp. 463-466. > > [these might be a good overview of the relation between cognitive maps and > semantic networks] > > Cognitive Mapping Meets Semantic Networks. Author: Young, Michael D. Source: > The journal of conflict resolution, 1996 , vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 395. > > A Conceptual Space Approach to Semantic Networks. Author: Hautamaki, A. > Source: Computers & mathematics with applications, 1992 , vol. 23, no. 6/9, > pp. 517. > > ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ > > ====================================== > Ronald E. Rice > Arthur N. Rupe Endowed Professor > Dept. of Communication, University of California > Incoming President of the International Communication Association > Co-Director, Center for Film, Television and New Media > Santa Barbara, CA 91306-4020 > ph: 805-893-8696; fax: 805-893-7102 > [log in to unmask] > http://www.comm.ucsb.edu/rice_flash.htm > http://www.cftnm.ucsb.edu > ----- Original Message ----- > From: "Jos?Garrois" > To: > Sent: Saturday, January 08, 2005 5:11 PM > Subject: Network Similarity and Language Use > > > > ***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** > > > > Dear All, > > > > > > > > I'm carrying out a social network study on language use in an electronic > > community. Data are drawn from the email archive containing all the > > messages exchanged among community members. > > > > > > > > The study hypothesizes a positive relationship between network similarity > > and similarity in language use. > > > > > > I organized my data as following: > > > > > > > > -First, I divided the archive into 60 topic-specific email subsets (groups > > of emails on the same topic); > > > > -Second, for each of the 60 email subsets I built a two-mode matrix (ROWS > > = community members which sent or recieved at least one email on that > > topic; COLUMNS = email sent on that topic). > > > > -Third, I computed with UCINET VI a meaure of similarity among the columns > > of those 60 two-mode matrices. So, I got 60 square mail-x-mail matrices, > > where xij = value of network similarity between email i and email j. I > > call those matrices "Network-Similarity Matrices". > > > > -Fourth, I have other 60 square mail-x-mail matrices (one for each > > topic-specific subset), where xij = value of similarity between the TEXT > > of email i and the TEXT of email j. I call those matrices "Text-Similarity > > Matrices". > > > > > > > > Now, in order to test the relationship hypothesized above, I would like to > > do the following: > > > > > > > > -Building two diagonal matrices. The first one should have all the > > "network similarity matrices" on the diagonal and structural zeros > > elsewhere. The second one should be exactly the same with the "text > > similarity matrices" on the diagonal. > > > > -Run a QAP regression using those two big diagonal matrices as inputs. > > > > > > > > May I kindly ask you an opinion on these last two steps of my analysis? Do > > they make sense to you and what kind of weaknesses do you notice? Do you > > know other studies adopting a similar approach? > > > > > > > > Thanks a lot, > > > > > > > > Best Regards, > > > > > > Jos?De Fatima Garrois > > > > > > --------------------------------- > > > > _____________________________________________________________________ > > SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social > > network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send > > an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line > > UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message. > > > > _____________________________________________________________________ > SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social > network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send > an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line > UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message. > > > > > > Dr. Han Woo PARK English site: http://www.hanpark.net Department of Communication & Information Yeung Nam University 214-1, Dae-dong, Gyeongsan-si,Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, Zip Code 712-749 _____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message. _____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.