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The Communication of Meaning in Anticipatory Systems: 
A Simulation Study of the Dynamics of Intentionality in Social Systems
<http://www.leydesdorff.net/casys07/index.htm> 
<http://www.leydesdorff.net/casys07/casys07.pdf> 

Abstract
Psychological and social systems provide us with a natural domain for the
study of anticipations because these systems are based on and operate in
terms of intentionality. Psychological systems can be expected to contain a
model of themselves and their environments; social systems can be strongly
anticipatory and therefore co-construct their environments, for example, in
techno-economic (co-)evolutions. Using Dubois's hyper-incursive and
incursive formulations of the logistic equation, these two types of systems
and their couplings can be simulated. In addition to their structural
coupling, psychological and social systems are also coupled by providing
meaning reflexively to each other's meaning-processing. Luhmann's
distinctions among (1) interactions between intentions at the micro-level,
(2) organization at the meso-level, and (3) self-organization of the fluxes
of meaningful communication at the global level can be modeled and simulated
using three hyper-incursive equations. The global level of self-organizing
interactions among fluxes of communication is retained at the meso-level of
organization. In a knowledge-based economy, these two levels of anticipatory
structuration can be expected to propel each other at the supra-individual
level.
 
________________________________

Loet Leydesdorff 
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR),
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
Tel.: +31-20- 525 6598; fax: +31-20- 525 3681 
[log in to unmask] <http://www.leydesdorff.net/>  

 
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