*****  To join INSNA, visit  *****

The Triple Helix Model and the Knowledge-Based Economy

Loet Leydesdorff & Martin Meyer 

Abstract. The Triple Helix model of university-industry-government relations
can be generalized from a neo-institutional model of networks of relations
to a neo-evolutionary model of how three selection environments operate upon
one another. Two selection mechanisms operating upon each other can mutually
shape a trajectory, while three selection environments can be expected to
generate a regime. The neo-evolutionary model enables us to appreciate both
organizational integration in university-industry-government relations and
differentiation among functions like wealth creation, knowledge production,
and legislation. The specification of systems of innovations in terms of
nations, sectors, and regions can then be formulated as empirical questions:
is synergy generated among functions in a network of relations? Thus, this
Triple Helix model enables us to study the knowledge base of an economy in
terms of a trade-off between locally stabilized and (potentially locked-in)
trajectories versus techno-economic regimes at the global level. 

<click here for pdf:> 

Loet Leydesdorff 
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam
[log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]> ; <>  

SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social
network researchers ( To unsubscribe, send
an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line
UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.