***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org *****

Hello all,


Underneath in a very rough categorization, the results from our query about network structure and performance in the context of emergency response management (EMR)/disaster relief.


Many thanks to all the contributors for their suggestions.



best regards,


Sarita Koendjbiharie

George Lamprogiotas


Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University



ERM networks, structure and performance


Miruna Petrescu-Prahova and Carter T. Butts. “Emergent Coordinators in the World Trade Center Disaster”. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 28:133-168, 2008


Benjamin Lind, Carter T. Butts, Miruna Petrescu-Prahova and Miguel Tirado.  2008. “Brokerage Roles in Disaster Response: Organizational Mediation in the Wake of Hurricane Katrina”. International Journal of Emergency Management 5:75-99, 2008


Tierney, Kathleen and Joseph Trainor. 2004. Networks and resilience in the World Trade Center disaster. MCEER Emergency Response and Recovery (Thrust Area 3). http://mceer.buffalo.edu/publications/resaccom/04-sp01/11_tierney.pdf


Topper, Curtis M. and Kathleen M. Carley. 1999. A structural perspective on the emergence of network organizations. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 24(1):67-96.


Carley, Kathleen M. and John Harrald. 1997. Organizational learning under fire: Theory and practice. American Behavioral Scientist, 40(3): 310-332.


Kapucu, Naim. (2006). “Interagency Communication Networks during Emergencies: Boundary Spanners in Multi-agency Coordination,” The American Review of Public Administration (ARPA).Volume 36 (2): 207-225. (The winner of the Best Paper Award for 2004 by Section on Crisis and Emergency Management (SCEM) of the American Society for Public Administration)

Comfort, Louise K. and Naim Kapucu. (2006). “Inter-organizational Coordination in Extreme Events: The World Trade Center Attack, September 11, 2001,” Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards. Volume 39 (2): 309-327.


Kapucu, Naim. (2006). “Public-Nonprofit Partnerships for Collective Action in Dynamic Contexts,” Public Administration: An International Quarterly. Volume 84 (1): 205-220.

Kapucu, Naim. (2005). “Interorganizational Coordination in Dynamic Contexts: Networks in Emergency Management,” Connections: Journal of International Network for Social Network Analysis.Volume 26(2): 9-24.

Bennet, J. (1995). Meeting Needs: NGO Coordination in Practice. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.


Doerfel, M.L. & Taylor, M. (2004). Network Dynamics of Inter-organizational Cooperation: The Croatian Civil Movement. Communication Monographs, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 373-394.


Kjelman, K.J., Harpviken, K.B., Millard, A.S, & Strand, A. (2003). Acting as One? Coordinating Response to the Landmine Problem. Third World Quarterly, vol. 24, no, 5, pp. 855-871.


Mel, de, E. (2002). Coordination of Humanitarian Aid: A UN Perspective. The Lancet, vol. 360, pp. 335-336.


Stephenson, M. (2005). Making Humanitarian Relief Networks more Effective: Operational Coordination, Trust and Sense Making. Disasters, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 337-350.


Holohan, Anne: Networks of Democracy: Lessons from Kosovo for Afghanistan, Iraq and Beyond. Stanford University Press, 2005.



EMR networks and ICT


Comfort, L.K., K. Ko and A. Zagorecki. 2004. Coordination in rapidly evolving disaster response systems: the role of information. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(3):295-313.


Carter T. Butts, Miruna Petrescu-Prahova and B. Remy Cross. “Responder Communication Networks in the World Trade Center Disaster: Implications for Modeling of Communication Within Emergency Settings.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 31:121-147, 2007


Comfort, Louise. 1996. Self-organizing process in disaster: A comparative study of response systems following the 1993 Marathwada, India and 1995 Hanshin, Japan earthquakes. pp. 113-185 in Gus A Koehler (ed.) What Disaster Response Can Learn from Chaos Theory: Conference Proceedings. California: California Research Bureau, California State Library.


Martin, E.C. & Miller, J.L. (2003). NGOs and the Development of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Understanding Large-Scale Inter-organizational Systems. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 145-166.


McEntire, D. A. (2000). Coordinating Multi-Organizational Responses to Disaster: Lessons from the March 28, 2000, Fort Worth Tornado. Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 369-379.


Bui, T., Cho, S., Sankaran, S. & Sovereign, M. (2000). A Framework for Designing a Global Network for Multinational Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief. Information System Frontiers, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 427-442.


Maiers, C., Reynolds, M. & Haselkorn, M. (2005). Challenges to Effective Information and Communication Systems in Humanitarian Relief Organizations. IEEE International Professional Communication Conference Proceeding, online available.


Moore, S. & Daniel, M. (2003). International NGOs and the Role of Network Centrality in Humanitarian Aid Operations: A Case Study of Coordination During the 2000 Mozambique Floods. Disasters, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 305-318.


Zhang, D., Zhou, L. & Nunamaker Jr., J.F. (2002). A Knowledge Management Framework for Support of Decision Making in Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief. Knowledge and Information Systems, vol. 4, pp. 370-385.


Saab, J., Orendovici, R., Van Gorp, A., Maitland, C., Maldonado, E., Ngamassi Tchouakeu, L., Zhao, K. & Tapia, A.H. (2008). Building Global Bridges: Coordination Bodies for Improved Information Sharing Among Humanitarian Relief Agencies. Proceedings of the International ISCRAM Conference Washington, online available.



EMR and interorganizational/intergroup relations (communities)


Granot, Hayim 1997. Emergency inter-organizational relationships. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 6:305-310.


National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.


Phillips, Brenda D., Lisa Garza, and David M. Neal. 1994. Intergroup relations in disasters: Service delivery barriers after Hurricane Andrew. Journal of Intergroup Relations, 21(1):1827.


Stallings, Robert A. and E.L. Quarantelli. 1985. Emergent citizen groups and emergency management. Public Administration Review, 45:93100.


Tierney, Kathleen. 2007. From the margins to the mainstream? Disaster research at the crossroads. Annual Review of Sociology, 33:503525.


Gillespie, David F. 1991. Coordinating community resources. pp. 5578 in Thomas E. Drabek and Gerard J. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Managers Association.


Neal, David M. and Brenda D. Phillips. 1998. An examination of emergent norms and emergent social structures in collective behavior situations. Sociological Focus, 21:233243.


Sweet, S. 1998. The Effect of a Natural Disaster on Social Cohesion. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 16(3):322-31.


Wenger, D. 1978. Community Response to Disaster. pp. 17-47 in Disasters: Theory and Research, edited by E. L. Quarantelli. California: Sage.


Stephenson, M. (2006). Toward a Descriptive Model of Humanitarian Assistance Coordination. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 41-57.


Whitman, J. & Pocock, D. (ed.) (1996). After Rwanda: The Coordination of United Nations Humanitarian Assistance. London: MacMillan Press Ltd.

De informatie verzonden in dit e-mail bericht inclusief de bijlage(n) is vertrouwelijk en is uitsluitend bestemd voor de geadresseerde van dit bericht. Lees verder: http://www.eur.nl/email-disclaimer.

The information in this e-mail message is confidential and may be legally privileged. Read more: http://www.eur.nl/english/email-disclaimer.

_____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.