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Hello everyone,

I posted a request on SCONET on how Social Network Analysis has been conducted in the educational research last Friday. Below is the comprehensive list that covers all the information received by emails and face-to-face meeting. I would like to thank those who provided the information.

Enjoy reading!



Gilad Ravid

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Gilad provided three papers on SNA and educational research:

Aviv, R., Erlich, Z., & Ravid, G. (2003). Network Analysis of Knowledge Construction in Asynchronous Learning Networks. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 7(3), Article 1.

Aviv, R., Erlich, Z., & Ravid, G. (2005). Reciprocity Analysis of Online Learning Networks. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 9(4), Article 1.

Aviv, R., Erlich, Z., & Ravid, G. (2005). Response Neighborhoods in Online Learning Networks: A Quantitative Analysis. Educational Technology & Society, 8(4), 90-100.

Ken Frank

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Ken pointed out that there is a great history of networks in educational research including work by Coleman, Newcomb, Joyce Epstein, Maureen Hallinan.

For a baseline and history, see:

Frank, K. A. 1998. "The Social Context of Schooling: Quantitative Methods". Review of Research in Education 23, chapter 5: 171-216.

Available at Ken’s website along with many other pieces on networks and education: https://www.msu.edu/~kenfrank/research.htm

Jenna Neal

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She recommended the work of Charles Bidwell and perhaps Dan McFarland.

One of Jenna’s recent in press articles examines how social network mechanisms (cohesion and structural equivalence) influence elementary school teachers' use of new classroom practices:

Neal, J.W., Neal, Z.P., Atkins, M.S., Henry, D.H., & Frazier, S.L. (in press). Channels of change: Contrasting network mechanisms in the use of interventions. American Journal of Community Psychology.

Some of Jenna’s publications on kids' peer networks in schools are:
Neal, J.W., Cappella, E., Wagner, C., & Atkins, M.S. (in press). Seeing eye to eye: Predicting teacher-student agreement on classroom social networks. Social Development.

Neal, J.W. (2009). Network ties and mean lies: A relational approach to relational aggression. Journal of Community Psychology, 37(6), 737-753.

Neal, J.W. (2008). Kracking the missing data problem: Applying Krackhardt’s cognitive social structures to school-based social network research. Sociology of Education, 81, 140-162.

Hartti Suomela

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Hartti pointed out the following website of Professor McFarland’s publication. Prof. MaFarland at Stanford university has studied classroom behavior


Caroline Haythornthwaite

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Caroline has used SNA to look at in-class interactions in online contexts:

Haythornthwaite, C. (2001). Exploring multiplexity: Social network structures in a computer-supported distance learning class. The Information Society, 17(3), 211-226.

Haythornthwaite, C. (2002). Strong, weak and latent ties and the impact of new media. The Information Society, 18(5), 385 - 401.

Haythornthwaite, C. (2008). Learning relations and networks in web-based communities. International Journal of Web Based Communities, 4(2), 140-158.

She is currently using SNA to look at entrepreneurial activity by teachers. In connection with the latter project her research assistant, Wei Goa, has compiled a list of papers associated with learning networks.


Caroline suggested work by Maartin de Laat (http://www.open.ou.nl/rslmlt/) who is using network visualizations as feedback mechanism for teachers and school administrators.

Caroline pointed out that the recent 'Networked Learning' conference in Denmark also included some use of social network analysis (although the 'networked' of the title is not SNA networks).


Alan J. Daly

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Alan is currently editing a book on social networks in education (Harvard Press) --it will come out in the Fall.

Alan has done research on social network in education. You can download his network papers on the following website


Sarah Buckley

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Sarah’s PhD thesis covers social network analysis in educational research.

Buckley, S. (2009). The affective and relational bases of adolescent mathematics anxiety. Unpublished PhD thesis, The University of Melbourne.

Paul Broome

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“There was an oral presentation on "Commandments for Children, Time and RAlog" at the CCCB, Greens of Rock Glen, MD, USA, 2010/06/05.  The content was from publications so old that I hesitate to reference them.”

Yu Zhao
Research Fellow
National & International Surveys

Australian Council for Educational Research
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