Hi Besters,
Below is an excerpt from wikipedia entry found under hydrofracturing process. I wonder if Cabot Oil has anything to do with our own local toxic waste nightmare.
Looks like Fracking isnt all its 'fracked' up to be. And it gets even more interesting in the following 'regulation' section starting with the Bush Era 'Halliburton Exemption'.
I too am interested in what the experts say!
"In April 2010 the state of Pennsylvania banned Cabot Oil & Gas Corp. from further drilling in the entire state until it plugs wells believed to be the source of contamination of the drinking water of 14 homes in Dimock Township PA. The investigation was initiated after a water well exploded on New Year's Day in 2009. The state investigation revealed that Cabot Oil & Gas Company "had allowed combustible gas to escape into the region's groundwater supplies."[19]
A well blowout in Clearfield County, PA on June 3, 2010 sent more than 35,000 gallons of hydraulic fracturing fluids into the air and onto the surrounding landscape in a forested area. Campers were evacuated and the company EOG Resources and the well completion company C.C. Forbes have been ordered to cease all operations in the state of Pennsylvania pending investigation. The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection has called this a "serious incident".[20][21]
Injection of fluid into subsurface geological structures, such as faults and fractures, reduces the effective normal stress acting across these structures. If sufficient shear stress is present, the structure may slip in shear and generate seismic events over a range of magnitudes. Subsidence is not directly caused by hydraulic fracturing but may occur after considerable production of oil or ground water. Subsidence occurs over reservoirs whether they have been subject to hydraulic fracturing or not because it is a result of producing fluids from the reservoir and lowering the reservoir pore pressure. The subsidence process can be associated with some seismicity. Reports of minor tremors of no greater than 2.8 on the Richter scale were reported on June 2, 2009 in Cleburne, Texas - the first in the town's 140-year history.[22]
One use of hydraulic fracturing is in stimulating water wells. In that case, the fluid used may be pure water (typically water and a disinfectant such as bleach).[citation needed] Another use of hydraulic fracturing is to remediate waste spills by injecting bacteria, air, or other materials into a subsurface contaminated zone.[citation needed]
It has been reported that the hydraulic fracturing industry has refused to publicly disclose, due to intellectual property concerns, the specific formulation of the fluids employed in the fracturing process. A "NOW on PBS" episode aired in March 2010 introduces the documentary film Gasland. The filmmaker claims that the chemicals include toxins, known carcinogens and heavy metals which may have polluted the ground water near well sites in Pennsylvania and Colorado. The film also makes a case for explosive gases entering private potable water wells, causing "flammable water".
Energy in Depth, an oil and gas industry organization has published a list of chemicals in a "typical solution used in hydraulic fracturing," but notes "The specific compounds used in a given fracturing operation will vary." [23]
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has published a list of chemicals used in fracturing fluids.
A 2008 newspaper report states that medical personnel were inhibited in their treatment of workers injured in a fracturing accident because they did not know which specific chemicals were used. In the article, a nurse claimed she may have been exposed to the unknown chemicals on the patient's clothes.[24] Release of information, pertaining to hazardous components of any and all industrial chemicals, to medical and emgergency personnel has been governed by OSHA since the 1974 Right-To-know legislation.
In the United States, a 2004 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study concluded that the process was safe and didn't warrant further study, because there was "no unequivocal evidence" of health risks, and the fluids were neither necessarily hazardous nor able to travel far underground. That study, however, was not intended as a general study of hydraulic fracturing, but only of its use in coalbed methane deposits, and the study did not consider impacts above ground.[25] The EPA report did find uncertainties in knowledge of how fracturing fluid migrates through rocks, and upon its release service companies voluntarily agreed to stop using diesel fuel as a component of fracturing fluid in coalbed methane walls due to public concerns of its potential as a source of benzene contamination.[26]
With critics claiming that Bush administration officials influenced the 2004 EPA study, the U.S. Congress has requested that the EPA undertake a new, broader study of hydraulic fracturing. The report is due to be released in 2012.[27]
The increased use of hydraulic fracturing has prompted more speculation about its environmental dangers. A 2008 investigation of benzene contamination in Colorado and Wyoming led some EPA officials to suggest hydraulic fracturing as a culprit. One of the authors of the 2004 EPA report states that it has been misconstrued by the gas-drilling industry.[25]
It should be noted that a typical frac will utilize approximately 15,000m3 of water per well. Currently, the number of fractures per well is increasing. At this time, there has been no investigation into the unregulated pollution of fresh water by the Canadian Government.
One hazard that is commonly overlooked is the venting of bulk sand silos directly to atmosphere. When they are being filled, or emptied during the fracture a fine cloud of silica particulate will be venting directly to atmosphere. This dust has the potential to travel many kilometers on the wind directly into populated areas. While the immediate personnel are wearing personal protective equipment, families in the area of a well fracture can potentially be exposed. However, sand used for proppant is washed to remove fines and is therefore virtually dust free."

Date: Mon, 7 Feb 2011 15:50:09 -0500
From: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
To: [log in to unmask]

I think this discussion has strayed from the issue at hand.  

I hope that what the original poster was looking for was a discussion of the more modern techniques of oil extraction, and how those in the academic community interpret the benefits and costs associated with such activities.  In this case shale hydrofracturing should be the center of our debate.  

Thus i propose several questions for the academics. What are the true costs of extracting oil via this method?  Are there life cycle assessments available?  Do these point to any chemicals/compounds of interest to public health, environmental health?  Furthermore, do we have any petroleum engineers on BEST?  I am curious how they would respond.  

I realize the nature of the message was disturbing and it is instinctual to react to such information, but if we cannot answer these questions effectively we will be incapable of developing a counter message.  

On Feb 7, 2011, at 2:41 PM, peter nesmith wrote:

With statements like this how in the world can we take you seriously? Seriously.
The profit motive in an unregulated fashion, nearly killed America. Government regulations, although not perfect, are needed to protect Americans from corporations. Where in the hell have you been the last several years? While some corporations look at profits as a result of being good 'citizens' a majority really see profit as independent of being good stewards.

 The reason we as a people are not energy free now is because this subject has been controled not by profit motivated humans driven by an idea(s) that they think can make them a good living, but by government curbs and road blocks.

--- On Mon, 2/7/11, David Craft <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

From: David Craft <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
To: [log in to unmask]
Date: Monday, February 7, 2011, 2:23 PM

----- Original Message -----
From: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>David Craft
To: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>John Hurford
Sent: Monday, February 07, 2011 2:21 PM
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

please forgive, my computer does not have spell check, and english gramer is not one of my strong points i do know.  it is the williness to think, and do so freely that is at point here.  i am not against the good Doctor, but control of debate on a subject(energy) that is in  the very center of every one of our lives.  (been to gas station lately, how is your utility bill?)  The reason we as a people are not energy free now is because this subject has been controled not by profit motivated humans driven by an idea(s) that they think can make them a good living, but by government curbs and road blocks.  Why do we require the oil companies to drill way out in the gulf under almost impossible conditions, when it is far safer, and less difficult to produce oil in the shalow water, or for that fact on land. 
on a side note John, it is funny to me that you called me dude,  you see my name is dawid, which in hebrew (i am not of the tribe of Judah- but i do study that langue) is dalet, uau, dalet  which in english is dud in actural letters, (some would say dvd or dwd, but the v  or v v were we get our vv all come from the hebrew letter uau a long oo as in YAH or the word hallaiyah, which actually two words hallai (to praise) Yah (Yahuah) You would say in kjv LORD
any way the dalet uau dalet means what most translate as David or Dawid or its meaning Beloved.  i hope this helps. 
----- Original Message -----
From: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>John Hurford
To: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>David Craft
Sent: Monday, February 07, 2011 1:11 PM
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

Take an English grammer course and check your writting before sending. The lack of attention to detail only undermines your presentation.

On Mon, Feb 7, 2011 at 11:56 AM, David Craft <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
College students do not need to be protected from  the reality of how all of this (bioenergy science and tecknology) relates to what one believes.  it is evil profit driven companies and god government that in one way or the other enable they to study "this" science.  What one believes affects every thing one does, and if there is one thing on the minds of all Americans now is energy and how it is obtained, how profit driven companies (individual men and women) take their ideas and capital to produce the energy that flows in  to our tanks and threw the wires into our homes and our business. WITH OUT DEBATING AND SHARING ALL SUBJECTY RELATED IDEAS OUR COLLEGE STUDENTS WILL  BE CUT OFF FROM A WELL ROUNDED EDUCATION BEING FREE TO LOOK AT EVERY THING VS SITTING IN A WELL CONFINED SET OF EDUCATIONAL boxes.  if one wish's to educate college students and other interested parties in this field, then one must have 'an open field' to make it truely dynamic 'field.'  Control of the debate/discusion/training/instruction/beliefs/thoughts/idea's/ ''only keeps those listening in 'a box'.  Freedom of though is not free of debat, but encourages it in every area of life.  Question every thing, including this, but one does not limit or prevent it from those desiring to Understand in truth.   thank you.
shalom,  a free man, dawid i
----- Original Message -----
From: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>Humphrey,Stephen R
To: [log in to unmask] rel=nofollow target=_blank>[log in to unmask]
Sent: Monday, February 07, 2011 10:01 AM
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

Friends:  For those seeking a blog for sharing/debating political ideology, please look elsewhere.  This board is for sharing information about bioenergy science and technology, primarily to help college students ant other interested parties understand this dynamic field.  Thank you.



Dr. Stephen R. Humphrey, Director,
School of Natural Resources and Environment,
Box 116455, 103 Black Hall, University of Florida
Gainesville, FL  32611-6455  USA
Tel. 352-392-9230, Fax 352-392-9748


Sent: Monday, February 07, 2011 9:44 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !


What kind of nut thinks that profit driven companies want what is good for America and Americans versus government?

Teabagger nut?

Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
To: [log in to unmask]
Date: Saturday, February 5, 2011, 6:31 PM


Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
Date: Sat, 5 Feb 2011 13:59:33 -0500


       this is all well and good, but we must stop and think and consider.  Our founding fathers intended for it (these type of things) to be done at the lowest level with the lest amount of government hands in the pot.  private is nearly in all cases is better.   it is not Right or even Constitual correct to tax every one in the usa and give that money for a bus system in gainsville fl while the people in moultrie ga don't have a free bus system.(cities and people of each are only examples, and can be swithched with any other two cities in our nation). you must not do for one what you will not do for another,  a maxium of law and our (supposed) of government.


      if the people in gainsville want a bus system and even provide it as a "free bus ride" (some one still has to pay for the bus', drivers, system, gov retirement of.the workers, oh and fuel) then it is up to the people of gainsville to tax them selves.  IT is not  for the political fathers in gainsville to have some grant writer draft up some fancy writen grant to submit to   have some polititian to get fat back pork $$ in wdc that comes from the flesh of the people of moultrie ga, or any were else to send to gainsville fl so they can receive  the grant, or matching funding for their 'desired for free bus system', that now has gainsville tied also at the hip to the fed gov't.  In this case it is up to the local people to deciede their wants and needs and how they are to fund it, not the states  and most certaintly not the Federal Government! 


This also applies to Fracking etc.  the fact and truth of the matter, Federal Government should have very little to do with any of this, especially since it is controled by polititians (which are nearly all lawyer/Esquires---Note--of the 526 people elected and or appointed (supreme court justices) who rule for us [what is to be a representive republic and NOT a demoracy!] nearly every one of them is a lawyer/esquire)  and they control or are controled by a burocracy that is totaly out of control.  Do you realy trust them to make good decisions for any of us,   they take your/my dollar that we send them in tax, put  it in their big pot, so they can give us back 17 cents with strings attached so that we can feel good about what the lawyer (in most cases) we elected is doing for us.               oy veh.   


    please forgive any spelling, i am an awful speller and my email for some reason does not have a spell check!


----- Original Message -----

To: [log in to unmask] href="http:[log in to unmask]" rel=nofollow target=_blank>[log in to unmask]

Sent: Friday, February 04, 2011 7:33 PM

Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !


investing in public transit and bike lanes are things we can do locally to help the situation. I wonder how much revenue it would take to offer free bus service - I'll bet it would increase ridership.
It WOULD be nice if people concerned for the future were not so vilified in our country, and if people wouldnt look at the environment as some sort of special interest group pet project. Our economy is TOTALLY dependent on the environment, but not vice-versa.
And I think it is good for people to be able to bring questions like this to the group, I have learned from it-Thanks!


Date: Thu, 3 Feb 2011 14:44:24 -0500
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
To: [log in to unmask]

ORION Magazine has some really good articles about Fracking (Hydrofracturing)….possibly one of the biggest environmental atrocities since mountaintop removal.
Curbing consumption is what we all need to be talking about…this SHOULD be something conservatives and liberals alike can get behind.  Our insatiable appetite for energy is not a political problem….it is a societal one.
Sent: Thursday, February 03, 2011 2:34 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

I remember coming across the report in '07 during some investment research.  It is true that their appears to be "oil" reserves in Bakken, but if I am not mistaken it is mostly in the form of shale oil.  Several of the  companies in control of mineral rights in the area have mobilized this information in an attempt to raise capital, even employing some rather unscrupulous methods of coercion.  If you ask a good stock broker about this info they will tell you to save your money. 
Its too bad, this message seems more politically motivated.  If you want to know more, read about shale hydrofracturing.  
Anyone ever heard this info?
Sent: Monday, January 31, 2011 11:15 AM
To: JEFFERY CANDACE BASTOW; Lynn Benson; Dana Hobika; Kathy Kraft; Chris Machen; Bethann Martin; bill mulligan; Randy P; Shelly Rowan; Robin Stewart; Richard Wallin
Subject: Fwd: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

could this be true?

Date: Wednesday, January 26, 2011, 4:10 PM

I checked out the articles, and they appear to be up to snuff!  Why hasn't somebody DONE something about this???  If you're as sick of high gas prices as I am, then at least send this on to others, and pass the word.  Maybe somebody "official" will take the ball and roll with it!
Date: January 26, 2011 2:26:52 PM PST
Subject: FW: Fwd: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !

Subject: FW: Fwd: OI---you better be sitting down when you read this ! !
Date: Wednesday, January 26, 2011, 12:42 PM

Can you believe this! Gas should be back to $.34 a gallon.
>>        About 6 months ago, the writer was watching a news program on oil and one of the Forbes Bros. was the guest. The host said to Forbes, "I am going to ask you a direct question and I would like a direct answer;  how much oil does the U.S. have in the ground?"  Forbes did not miss a beat, he said, "more than all the Middle East put together."  Please read below. 
>>        The U. S. Geological Service issued a report in April 2008 that only scientists and oil men knew was coming, but man was it big.  It was a revised report (hadn't been updated since 1995) on how much oil was in this area of the western 2/3 of North Dakota, western South Dakota, and extreme eastern Montana ..... check THIS out:
        The Bakken is the largest domestic oil discovery since Alaska 's Prudhoe Bay , and has the potential to eliminate all American dependence on foreign oil. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates it at 503 billion barrels. Even if just 10% of the oil is recoverable... at $107 a barrel, we're looking at a resource base worth more than $5...3 trillion.        "When I first briefed legislators on this, you could practically see their jaws hit the floor. They had no idea.." says Terry Johnson, the Montana Legislature's financial analyst.
        "This sizable find is now the highest-producing onshore oil field found in the past 56 years," reportsThe Pittsburgh Post Gazette.  It's a formation known as the Williston Basin , but is more commonly referred to as the 'Bakken.'  It stretches from Northern Montana , through North Dakota and into Canada .  For years, U. S. oil exploration has been considered a dead end.  Even the 'Big Oil' companies gave up searching for major oil wells decades ago. However, a recent technological breakthrough has opened up the Bakken's massive reserves..... and we now have access of up to 500 billion barrels.  And because this is light, sweet oil, those billions of barrels will cost Americans just $16 PER BARREL!
       That's enough crude to fully fuel the American economy for 2041 years straight.  And if THAT didn't throw you on the floor, then this next one should - because it's from 2006!
      U.. S. Oil Discovery- Largest Reserve in the World  
      Stansberry Report Online - 4/20/2006
       Hidden 1,000 feet beneath the surface of the Rocky Mountains lies the largest untapped oil reserve in the world. It is more than 2 TRILLION barrels.  On August 8, 2005 President Bush mandated its extraction. In three and a half years of high oil prices none has been extracted. With this motherload of oil why are we still fighting over off-shore drilling?        They reported this stunning news:  We have more oil inside our borders, than all the other proven reserves on earth.. Here are the official estimates: 
        - 8-times as much oil as Saudi Arabia
        - 18-times as much oil as Iraq
          - 21-times as much oil as Kuwait 
         - 22-times as much oil as Iran
        - 500-times as much oil as Yemen
        - and it's all right here in the Western United States .
        HOW can this BE? HOW can we NOT BE extracting this? Because the environmentalists and others have blocked all efforts to help America become independent of foreign oil! Again, we are letting a small group of people dictate our lives and our economy.....WHY?
       James Bartis, lead researcher with the study says we've got more oil in this very compact area than the entire Middle East -more than 2 TRILLION barrels untapped.  That's more than all the proven oil reserves of crude oil in the world today, reports The Denver Post.
        Don't think 'OPEC' will drop its price - even with this find? Think again!  It's all about the competitive marketplace, - it has to. Think OPEC just might be funding the environmentalists?
        Got your attention yet?  Now, while you're thinking about it, do this:
       Pass this along.  If you don't take a little time to do this, then you should stifle yourself the next time you complain about gas prices - by doing NOTHING, you forfeit your right to complain.
     Now I just wonder what would happen in this country if every one of you sent this to every one in your address book.
       By the way...this is all true. Check it out at the link below!!!
       GOOGLE it, or follow this link.  It will blow your mind.