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Innovation as a Nonlinear Process, the Scientometric Perspective, 
and the Specification of an “Innovation Opportunities Explorer”

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The process of innovation follows non-linear patterns across the domains of
science, technology, and the economy. Novel bibliometric mapping techniques
can be used to investigate and represent distinctive, but complementary
perspectives on the innovation process (e.g., "demand" and "supply") as well
as the interactions among these perspectives. The perspectives can be
represented as "continents" of data related to varying extents over time.
For example, the different branches of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in
the Medline database provide sources of such perspectives (e.g., "Diseases"
versus "Drugs and Chemicals"). The multiple-perspective approach enables us
to reconstruct facets of the dynamics of innovation, in terms of selection
mechanisms shaping localizable trajectories and/or resulting in more
globalized regimes. By expanding the data with patents and scholarly
publications, we demonstrate the use of this multi-perspective approach in
the case of RNA Interference (RNAi). The possibility to develop an
"Innovation Opportunities Explorer" is specified. 

Loet Leydesdorff,[1] Daniele Rotolo,[2] & Wouter de Nooy [1]
[1] ASCoR, University of Amsterdam
[2] SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex

** apologies for cross-postings.

Loet Leydesdorff 
Professor, University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
Tel. +31-20-525 6598; fax: +31-842239111
[log in to unmask] ; 
Visiting Professor, ISTIC, Beijing; Honorary Fellow, SPRU, University of

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