Some subscribers to LRNASST- L might be interested in a recent 
discussion-list post "Re: Culture Change for Learning" [Hake (2012)].

The abstract reads:

ABSTRACT: Richard P. Keeling and Richard H. Hersh (2012) in their 
"Inside Higher Ed" article "Culture Change for Learning" at 
<> wrote:

"America faces a crisis in higher learning. Too many college 
graduates are not prepared to think critically and creatively, speak 
and write cogently and clearly, solve problems, comprehend complex 
issues, accept responsibility and accountability, take the 
perspective of others, or meet the expectations of employers. . . . . 
.The core explanation is this: THE ACADEMY LACKS A SERIOUS CULTURE OF 

For those who may wish to dig deeper I have provided over 30 relevant 
academic references with over 60 hot links.

To access the complete 23 kB post please click on <>.

Richard Hake, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Indiana University
<[log in to unmask]>
Links to Articles: <>
Links to SDI Labs: <>
Blog: <>
Academia: <>
Twitter <!/rrhake>

". . . studies indicate that problem-based discussion, group study, 
and other forms of active learning produce greater gains in critical 
thinking than lectures, yet the lecture format is still the standard 
in most college classes, especially in large universities."
     Derek Bok (2005), former president of Harvard University,
         in "Are colleges failing? Higher Ed Needs New Lesson Plans" 
[Bok (2005)]

"The academic area is one of the most difficult areas to change in 
our society. We continue to use the same methods of instruction, 
particularly lectures, that have been used for hundreds of years. 
Little scientific research is done to test new approaches, and little 
systematic attention is given to the development of new methods. 
Universities that study many aspects of the world ignore the 
educational function in which they are engaging and from which a 
large part of their revenues are earned."
          Richard M. Cyert, former president of Carnegie Mellon 
University, quoted in
           Tuma & Reif (1980):

"Few faculty members have any awareness of the expanding knowledge 
about learning from psychology and cognitive science. Almost no one 
in the academy has mastered or used this knowledge base. One of my 
colleagues observed that if doctors used science the way college 
teachers do, they would still be trying to heal with leeches."
           James Duderstadt (2000), President Emeritus and University 
Professor of
            Science and Engineering at the University of Michigan, in 
"A University for
             the 21st Century" [Duderstadt (2000)

"We have not been very systematic about our quest to improve 
teaching, even though we value it highly and frequently do well at 
it. I am struck, for example, by the lack of conversation about what 
pedagogy means, and what makes it successful. It is our profession, 
yet it is mysteriously absent from our professional discourse. Here 
we are, engaged in an activity that is vital to ourselves, our 
students, and our public - yet we speak of how to do it, if at all, 
as though it had no data base, lacked a history, and offered no 
innovative challenges."
      Donald Kennedy, former president of Stanford University, in his "Stanford
        President's Address: Stanford in Its Second Century" - see 
also "Academic
        Duty" [Kennedy (1999)].

REFERENCES [All URL's shortened by <> and accessed on 
17 April 2012.]

Bok, D. 2005. "Are colleges failing? Higher Ed  Needs New Lesson 
Plans," Boston Globe, 18  December, copied into the APPENDIX of Hake 

Duderstadt, J.J. 2000. "A University for the 21st Century." Univ. of 
Michigan Press. publisher's information at <>. information at <>, note the 
searchable "Look Inside" feature

Hake, R.R. 2005. "Are colleges failing?" AERA-L  post of 19 Dec 2005 
17:54:37-0800; online on the OPEN! AERA-L archives at 
<>. The APPENDIX  contains a copy of Bok (2005).

Hake, R.R. 2012. ""Re: Culture Change for Learning," online on the 
OPEN! AERA-L archives at  <>. Post of 16 Apr 2012 
14:21:25-0700 to AERA-L and Net-Gold. The abstract and link to the 
complete post are also being transmitted to several discussion lists 
and are on my blog "Hake'sEdStuff" at <> with a 
provision for comments.

Kennedy, D. 1999. "Academic Duty." Harvard University Press, 
publisher's information at <>. 
information at <>, note the "Look Inside" 
feature. An expurgated Google book preview is online at 

Tuma, D.T. & F. Reif, eds. 1980. "Problem Solving and Education: 
Issues in Teaching and Research," Lawrence Erlbaum. 
information at <>.

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