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Redundancy Generation in University-Industry-Government Relations:
The Triple Helix Modeled, Measured, and Simulated


A Triple Helix (TH) of bi- and trilateral relations among universities, industries, and governments can be considered as an ecosystem in which uncertainty can be reduced auto-catalytically. The correlations among the distributions of relations span a vector space in which two vectors (P and Q) represent "sending" and "receiving," respectively. These vectors can also be understood in terms of the generation versus reduction of uncertainty in the communication field that results from interactions among the three (bi-lateral) communication channels. We specify a set of Lotka-Volterra equations between the vectors that can be solved. Redundancy generation can then be simulated and the results can be decomposed in terms of the TH components. Among other things, we show that the strength and frequency of the relations are independent parameters. Different components in terms of frequencies in triple-helix systems can also be distinguished and interpreted using Fourier analysis of the empirical time-series. The case of co-authorship relations in Japan is analyzed as an empirical example; but "triple contingencies" in an ecosystem of relations can also be considered more generally as a model for redundancy generation by providing meaning to the (Shannon-type) information in inter-human communications.


Inga Ivanova (a) and Loet Leydesdorff (b)


(a) Far Eastern Federal University, Department of International Education & Department of Economics and production management, Office 514, 56 Aleutskaya st., Vladivostok 690950, Russia; [log in to unmask] .


(b) University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR),

Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, the Netherlands; [log in to unmask]


** apologies for cross-postings



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