***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** John Your query has much to do with my interest in sna in the first place. There is little substantive material to support the performance of organizations. Certainly there is not much of a scientific nature. This is at the base of the "next big idea problem". Not that this seems to bother too many people. There is an interesting dialog, Aldrich being at the center ( http://amzn.com/1412910471), about the legitimacy of organizations. This is mostly of the "famous philosopher"-type, with no valid evidence or useful experimentation. My work has been to operationalize his legitimacy model using a combination of factors that are widely-validated, including statistical process control and sna. This is the methods-based management approach (http://amzn.com/1934269581). Cognitive legitimacy and sociopolitical legitimacy are the two main factors, which I associate with fluidity and immersion. I have long felt that schools of management should be repositioned within the field of ecology. We know more scientifically about how beavers build their dams than how organizations function, and could function. As the physicists have pointed out that many people believe that it is "turtles all the way down" from the earth to the foundations of life. Business people think it is surveys all the way down. Hope this helps. Ken On Fri, Oct 3, 2014 at 2:25 AM, rgros <[log in to unmask]> wrote: > ***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** > Hi John, > > Harrison White, who has been involved in the development of social network > analysis, built a set of concepts that are similar in some aspects to those > of chemistry. > > In chapter 5 of "Identity and control" ("Institutions and Rhetorics"), he > wrote : > > "Control and production, analogous to temperature and force-gradients, > are the impetuses to social process. Both the social analogue to > space and the analogue to molecule are emergent and negotiable; they > are context and identity established by chance." > > and > > "The continuing joint reproduction of a market > profile binds producers such that their ensemble becomes treated by > themselves and others as a player. This player is a molecule in which > constituent firms are bound as atoms. Yet also, this is a player with an > identity, a player that participants and observers alike speak of as taking > action, and which guides interpretations. Embedding is defined in > and by this process. Each production market is thus also a folk theory > that reproduces itself out of the continuing perceptions and actions of > all participants in a market. The market is an actor with a different > ontology from firms, whose actions are clearly on a different level." > > So he seems to have added to the social network analysis some sort of > equivalent of molecules. > > Michel Grossetti > > > > Le 03/10/2014 03:43, John McCreery a écrit : > > ***** To join INSNA, visit http://www.insna.org ***** > One colleague replying privately to my most recent message writes, > > "dunno. i reckon we'd get on as humans. dunno what it would add to the > busienss, but..." > > > The obvious response is the question, “Must it add to the business?” > Knowledge for knowledge’s sake is not a bad thing, and there is always the > possibility that someone else will find a way to apply the results of basic > research. In this case, however, I think that we can do a bit better than > that. > > To the best of my knowledge, which is limited, applications of network > analysis to business usually come down to overlaying network diagrams on > maps of the business units into which an organization or market is divided. > It is then possible to quickly identify actors in bridging positions who > may either facilitate or become bottlenecks to communication between the > units in question. Alternatively, the overlay may reveal an absence of > communication between units that is hampering business development. So far, > so good. But suppose the question is how to staff a project team with the > goal of creating something new, which entails creating relationships that > do not yet exist either in the formal organization chart or in the network > diagram. Choosing the members of a team is now a matter of art, in which > the director of a project thinks of who might be good for a certain role, > assesses the level of talent or skill that they bring to the table, checks > their availability and then reaches out to them (or to their bosses, who > must sign off on their new engagement). > > But let’s be more concrete. When I was working for the Japanese agency > that once employed me, my clients were often large international companies > with, however, only a small presence in Japan. When agencies pitched for > their business, they were shown reels of exceptional work produced by the > agency’s stars. Then, having chosen an agency, they find that the stars are > not assigned to their team, except, perhaps, in a distant advisory role. If > they ask why, the answer is clear. If their budget is only a tenth of what > their Japanese competitor is spending and the stars are already committed > to other projects, they must work with teams composed of second or > third-tier veterans or newcomers who have not yet achieved a stellar > reputation. The work that they produce is often second-rate. > > Asked by foreign executives what they should do if they find themselves > in this situation, I suggested that they look at the newcomer awards in > advertising annuals and request that one or more of these rising stars be > assigned to their teams. Now, having studied network analysis, I can offer > another possibility. Identify successful teams, i.e., those whose work is > judged worthy of appearing in an annual, then look for individuals who > appear as members of several different successful teams over a span of > years, who have not yet won a newcomer award. Since the usual practice in > Japanese agencies is to circulate new employees among several teams to > broaden their experience, these are likely to be highly competent people > whose careers are on the verge of taking off. > > The NetLogo Team Assembly model suggests another potentially useful > approach. The model is designed to relate creativity to one variable, the > relative proportions of incumbents (people who have worked together before) > and newcomers (people who have not worked together before) assigned to > teams. The underlying theory, which seems quite plausible to me as far as > it goes, is that either too many incumbents or too many newcomers will > reduce creativity. The same people doing the same things will fall into > ruts, while people who are thrown together for the first time may never get > their act together. There will be, however, be some ratio (or range of > ratios) of incumbents to newcomers that maximizes creativity. Knowing that > ratio would be good for business. > > You know, and I know, that this model is too simple. But as George Box > famously said, while all models are wrong, some are more useful than > others. Here we can think about what we would have to add to the model to > make it more realistic. A great leap forward to a perfect solution is > unlikely; but it still might be possible to make some progress step by > step, by considering factors not yet included in the model. > > -- > John McCreery > The Word Works, Ltd., Yokohama, JAPAN > Tel. +81-45-314-9324 > [log in to unmask] > http://www.wordworks.jp/ > _____________________________________________________________________ > SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social > network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email > message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET > in the body of the message. > > > > -- > Michel Grossetti > LISST-Cers > UTM > 5 allées A. Machado > 31058 Toulouse Cedex 09http://w3.lisst.univ-tlse2.fr/cv/grossetti_michel.htm > 05 61 50 36 69 > > _____________________________________________________________________ > SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social > network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email > message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET > in the body of the message. > -- Kenneth Tingey, Ph.D., MBA, Master of Pacific International Affairs My background: www.linkedin.com/in/kentingey Books by Kenneth Tingey at Amazon.com: amazon.com/author/kennethtingey Entail errata: http://profundities.info/entail This e-mail message may contain confidential and/or privileged information. If you are not an addressee or otherwise authorized to receive this message, you should not use, copy, disclose or take any action based on this e-mail or any information contained in the message. 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