A workshop on "Economic Elites in Developing Countries" will be held in Sciences Po Paris - CERI (January 30, 2015).
We are particularly interested in papers using Social Network Analysis including those focusing on interlocking directorates.
You can find bellow the call for papers (abstracts are expected by 15 November and the papers by December 22).
Postdoc Fellow at the Institut des Sciences de la communication du CNRS (ISCC - UMS 3665)
20 rue du Berbier Mets, 75013, Paris
Tel: +33 (0) 1 58 52 17 13
Call for application: “Workshop on Economic Elites in Developing Countries”
Date : Friday 30 January, 2015
Place : Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI) Sciences Po, Paris
Workshop organizers: Oubenal Mohamed (Postdoc fellow at Institut des Sciences de la Communication du CNRS - ISCC) and Rios Eduardo (PhD candidate at Sciences Po Paris – CERI)
Partners: CERI-SciencesPo, group 42 “Elites Sociology” and group 26 “Social Networks” of the French Association of Sociology.
Academic debates on economic elites in “developed” countries are abundant. These theoretical or empirical works study amongst others, the surge of a transnational capitalist class (Wagner 1998, Robinson andHarris 2000, Carroll and Fennema 2002, Kentor and Jang 2004, Hartmaan 2006, Carroll 2009) or the relevance of local dynamics in understanding elite behaviour and selection (Useem 1984, Bearden and Mintz 1987, Bauer and Bertin-Mourot 2000, Dudouet and Grémont 2007, François 2010, Dudouet et al. 2014). For their part, studies assessing elites in developing countries tend to uphold the notion that a dominant class exists and that it is able to consolidate its domination by colluding with political strongmen allied to the state (Simon and Mitton 2003, Chekir and Diwan 2013, Khatri 2013 Rijkers et al. 2014) and that often, this domination is maintained through a monopoly of the relations with the international economy (Berrada 1988, Stark and Vedres 2006).
However, the political upheavals that recently affected countries in the Arab world as well as those that took place in Latin America in the 1990s, Eastern Europe and South-East Asia call such one-dimensional analyses into question. As this proposal brings to sight, more than a decade ago the combined accumulation of old and new processes led to the emergence, circulation or transformation of existing reproduction modalities in developing countries. Unsurprisingly, these changes caused socio-political disruptions that in turn triggered the renewal of career paths to elite positions. Alongside new modalities of international education and State/business collusion mechanisms.
We invite applicants to join us in studying these structural yet paradoxical dynamics in order to contribute to a critical understanding on economic elites in different contexts. This workshop is mainly open to empirical research dealing with the analysis of economic elites in developing countries, their resistance to transformations of the international order and of course their adaptation to the disruptions of the last twenty years.
Contribution can fall in the scope of classical paradigms (Bourdieusian approachs, neo-institutionalism, Structuralism, Marxism, etc.) or propose new theoretical approaches. We are particularly interested in studies using social network analysis, but a variety of methodological qualitative and quantitative approaches will be accepted. Nonetheless, all contributions must be based on empirical data of a developing country (geographically: Latin-America, Africa, South-East Asia, Eastern Europe) or on a comparison between two or more countries. Relational data is increasingly available in developing countries enabling researches on interlocking directorates as in post-socialist Hungary (Stark and Vedres 2006) or to gauge more precisely the logics behind crony capitalism as demonstrated in post-revolutionary Tunisia (Rijkers et al. 2014).
Article presentation and discussion format: a discussant is appointed to each article and will reflect on it for 15 minutes, then all participants (all articles must be read by everyone) join for 30 minutes. Finally, the author finishes by giving a general response to the discussant and participants for 15 minutes.
Output and Perspectives: Publication of a special issue in the Journal Critique Internationale and/or of an Edited book on the subject.
Scientific Committee for the evaluation of submitted proposals: Myriam Catusse (Chargée de recherche au CNRS – IREMAM), François-Xavier Dudouet (Chargé de recherche au CNRS – IRISSO Université Paris-Dauphine), Beatrice Hibou (Directrice de recherche CNRS – CERI), Jerôme Sgard (Directeur de recherche CNRS – CERI), Antoine Vion (MCF – Université de la Méditerranée LEST).
Bauer M. & Bertin-Mourot B., Radiographie des grands patrons français : les conditions d’accès au pouvoir 1985-1994, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2000.
Bearden J. & Mintz B., “The structure of class cohesion: the corporate network and its dual”, in M.S. Mizruchi & M. Schwartz (Eds), Intercorporate Relations. The Structural Analysis of Business, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 187-207.
Berrada A., « La marocanisation de 1973 : un éclairage rétrospectif », Revue juridique politique et économique du Maroc, 20, 1988. p. 59-96.
Carroll W. K., “Transnationalists and national networkers in the global corporate elite”, Global Networks, 9(3), 2009, p. 289-314.
Carroll W. K. & Fennema M., “Is there a Transnational Business Community?”, International Sociology, 17(3), 2002, p. 393-420.
Chekir H. & Diwan I., “Crony Capitalism in Egypt” CID Working Paper 250, 2013.
Dudouet F.-X. & Grémont E., « Les grands patrons et l’État en France : 1981-2007 », Sociétés contemporaines, 68, 2007, p. 105-131.
Dudouet F.-X., Grémont E. Joly H. & Vion A., « Retour sur le champ du pouvoir économique en France. L'espace social des dirigeants du CAC 40 », Revue Française de Socio-Économie, 13(1), 2014, p. 23-48.
François P., « Les guépards du capitalisme français ? Structure l'élite patronale et modes d'accès aux positions dominantes »,. Journées d'études conjointes DRM-IDRISSO sur les élites économiques en France, Université Paris Dauphine, 4 & 5 novembre 2010, 2010.
Hartmann M., The Sociology of Elites, Londres, Routledge, 2006.
Joly H., Patrons d’Allemagne. Sociologie d’une élite industrielle. 1933-1989, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 1996.
Kentor J. & Jang Y. S., “Yes, there is a (growing) transnational business community : a study of global interlocking directorates, 1983-1998”, International Sociology, 19(3), 2004, p. 355-368.
Khatri N. “Anatomy of Indian Brand of Crony Capitalism”, working paper, 2013, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2335201
Rijkers B., Freund C. & Nucifora A., “All in the Family: State Capture in Tunisia”, World Bank Working Papers, 2014.
Robinson W. & Harris J., “Towards a global ruling class: globalization and the transnational capitalist class”, Science & Society, 64(1), 2000, p. 11-54.
Simon J. & Mitton T., “Cronyism and Capital Controls: Evidence from Malaysia.” Journal of Financial Economics, 67(2), 2003, p. 351–82.
Stark D. & Vedres B., “Social Times of Network Spaces: Network Sequences and Foreign Investment in Hungary”, American Journal of Sociology, 111(5), 2006, p. 1367–1411.
Useem M., The Inner Circle. Large Corporations and the Rise of Business Political Activity in the U.S. and the U.K., New York, Oxford University Press, 1984.
Wagner A.-C., Les nouvelles élites de la mondialisation. Une immigration dorée en France, Paris, PUF, 1998.