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Dear Michele and Socnetters,

Given your question and responses from a few list members regarding studies that have looked at the relationship between structural holes/network closure on knowledge-related outcomes I would suggest taking a look at a review paper of mine (see cite below). In this paper, we review research at different levels of analysis that has explored the impact of ego network structure (primarily holes vs. closures) on innovation adoption, knowledge transfer and creativity/innovation production. In short, the findings are mixed - studies have found negative effects of brokerage (as indicated by structural holes) and positive effects. I hope you find it useful. I would be happy to send you a copy of the paper if you email me off list.

Phelps, C., Heidl, R. & Wadhwa, A. (2012). Knowledge, networks, and knowledge networks: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 38 (4): 1115 1166. 

Best,

Corey

Corey Phelps, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Strategy and Organization
Desautels Faculty of Management - McGill University
1001 Sherbrooke Street West - Room 542 - Montreal, QC - H3A 1G5
t. 514 398 4007   f. 514-398-3876  [log in to unmask]



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Aloha SOCNET community,

I am looking for existing research indicating that in some cases, bridging and/or brokerage may cause economic disadvantages for individuals, particularly when or if there are strong network subgroups which may "penalize" brokers for associating with other groups. 

I am very familiar with Burt's work on brokerage, but my primary takeaway from it is that occupying brokerage positions is thought to be a source of social capital expected to generate benefits. I am looking for theoretical and/or empirical evidence that suggests the opposite - i.e., people who broker are significantly less productive (economically), particularly when/if there are strong network subgroups that may cause brokers (defined as individuals who bridge these network subgroups) to be socially ostracized for associating with other groups.

If anyone can point me in the direction of existing research (in any field) that sheds light on this sort of effect, it would be much appreciated.

Thank you in advance for your time,
Michele Barnes-Mauthe


Michele Barnes-Mauthe
Research Assistant, PhD Candidate
Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Interested in marine resource management? Check out our new publications on ethnic diversity and social network structure in Hawaii's longline fishery here: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss1/art23/, the global economic value of shark ecotourism herehttp://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8956430and the total economic value of small-scale fisheries and their contribution to sustainable livelihoods here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165783613001537
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--
Arnout van de Rijt
Associate Professor of Sociology
Institute for Advanced Computational Science
Stony Brook University
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_____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.



--
Ajay Mehra
Carol Martin Gatton Endowed Professor
Director of Graduate Studies
Department of Management
LINKS Center for Social Network Analysis
Gatton College of Business and Economics, 455R
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40506-0034
phone:513.417.3217
 
 
 
_____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.
_____________________________________________________________________ SOCNET is a service of INSNA, the professional association for social network researchers (http://www.insna.org). To unsubscribe, send an email message to [log in to unmask] containing the line UNSUBSCRIBE SOCNET in the body of the message.