Greetings Colleagues,

Here is a link to a new article from The LearnWell Projects: Using Athletic
Literacy Skills to Develop Academic Literacy Skills: A Promising Innovative

Iıd be interested in your feedback via the ³comment² section.

A few excerpts are below:

As athletes transition from high school to college, significant cognitive
demands are placed upon them. They must learn more sophisticated concepts at
deep depths. Their football knowledge base undergoes significant
quantitative and qualitative changes. Their mental representations of the
various concepts are challenged, refined and further developed.

This post applies Patricia Alexander's Model of Domain Learning (MDL)
(Alexander, pp. , 2003) to the sport of football. (The MDL was developed for
learning in academic domains.) The MDL provides a useful framework for
envisioning college football players' cognitive evolution. According to the
model, learners progress along the following continuum: acclimation to
competence to proficiency/expertise.

Acclimation Stage
Athletes in this phase frustrate coaches, as they are prone to mental
errors. Like students in the acclimation phase, their knowledge is fragile
and fleeting; they are prone to lapses in critical situations.

Competence Stage
Competent players' mental representations (or the mental canvases upon which
they imagine the plays before physically executing them) of the game are
much deeper, yet simple and accessible. Their deep conceptual knowledge of
the fewer, yet central principles of their defensive or offensive philosophy
enables them to play faster. Coaches covet the faster play, but they rarely
attribute it to a change in their players' knowledge base. I believe
players' increased efficiency- their ability to do more in fewer movements,
anticipate actions, etc. - is correlated to their increased depth in
thinking, which leads to the final stage of the MDL.

Proficiency/Expertise Stage
Proficient athletes possess all the cognitive abilities of competent
players; however, they know the concepts at such depth that they can analyze
the various factors that affect each play, make judgments and create, in the
moment, when needed. Athletes at this level have a rare ability to
conceptualize, to mentally visualize their offensive or defensive concepts,
schemes, formations and plays along with the same factors of their
opponents, and within the context of the situational conditions.

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