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Scientific American had this little story about lots of problems between scientists and contract workers including negative deviance like drinking.

"NSF officials in Antarctica told auditors that drinking has created “unpredictable behavior that has led to fights, indecent exposure, and employees arriving to work under the influence.” But the real problem seemed to be an ongoing culture clash between scientists in Antarctica (“beakers,” as they’re known down there) and contract workers."

Johnson, Boster and Palinkas didn't seem to be spoken to.  They studied this very phenomenon and found that where there was not consensus about leadership roles, especially the instrumental and expressive ones, you will find more negative deviance.  This lack of consensus is visible as network fragmentation or at least high clustering.

So, again, how come we have big prizes in Economics but not other social sciences?  #nobelforsociology


Social roles and the evolution of networks in extreme and isolated environments. Johnson, J. C., Boster, J. S., & Palinkas, L. A. (2003). The Journal of Mathematical Sociology27(2-3), 89–121. doi:10.1080/00222500305890

Jordi Comas

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