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Opening for 3 Post-doctoral research positions each starting on November
2017, of which 2 positions will be held at the Centre for Development and
Environment of the University of Bern (Switzerland) for a period of 36
months each and one position at the School of Agricultural Policy and
Development of the University of Reading (United Kingdom) for a period of
42 months, within the ERC Consolidator Grant funded project “Indigenous
Communities, Land Use and tropical Deforestation” (INCLUDE).


Tropical deforestation is an important contributor to climate change,
through the release of significant amounts of carbon in the atmosphere. The
main proximate cause of deforestation is agricultural expansion, followed
by resource extraction. This project looks at the problem of deforestation
in the Argentinean dry Chaco in the province of Salta (the Chaco Salteño).
The Chaco Salteño, part of the Great American Chaco (the second largest
tropical forest in the American continent after the Amazon), experiences
one of the fastest deforestation rates in the world (on average about 2
football fields per minute over 1970-2015), represents an important
agricultural frontier (with over 6 million ha of forest left) and hosts
significant ethnic and cultural diversity, including both ‘criollos’ (small
scale livestock farmers of European descent) and indigenous peoples (IPs).

In the first year of the project, which started in November 2016, the
involved researchers have been collecting information to understand the
institutional context, with particular attention to the legal framework
(both at federal and provincial level) regarding land use, deforestation,
agriculture and IPs communal land rights. The post-doctoral researchers are
expected to bring the work forward, by working on three macro-objectives
Post-Doc (1)

*Tasks/Nature of the Job*

The objective here is to characterize, for an appropriate number of
selected communities, the existing land tenure regime and the associated
governance structure (i.e., who are the key stakeholders/actors involved).
We anticipate the existence of different set of actors with conflicting
interests. On one hand, there are actors who are directly affected by a
certain configuration of land rights (e.g., IPs communities, criollos
farmers, large-scale farmers). On the other hand, there are actors who have
the ability to promote specific land rights configurations (e.g., public
administrations, NGOs). We intend to adopt social network analysis (SNA) to
identify pivotal actors and characterize the relationship between them. We
will select communities in the departments of Rivadavia and San Martin in
the province of Salta, where land tenure rights vary. Communities will be
selected in order to ensure variability with respect to: 1) the degree to
which IPs communal land rights are de-facto implemented and 2) the degree
of deforestation. The main data collection phase is expected to take place
over two consecutive years, starting in April 2018. Hypotheses to the
governance of land tenure can be linked through SNA to power inequalities,
instrumental ties, brokerage, leadership, polarization and conflict
clusters.  Coupled with other data this part of the project will address
questions of deforestation as they are associated to governance and
regulation regimes.

The main data collection is expected to take place over two consecutive
years, commencing in April 2018.  The post-doc expert will work in
collaboration with researchers from MO2 and MO3 and will assist with
identifying valid methods for collecting and analysing relational data.
They should be able to oversee local research assistants and contribute to
their training.  They are also expected to be familiar with mixed methods
techniques so that they could effectively triangulate other types of data
(ethnographic, qualitative, case study etc.) to the SNA analysis.  As a
rounded researcher, the post-doc expert should be accomplished (or
demonstrate competence) in the development of data collection instruments
and in the collection and analysis of data.  During the first 18 months of
this appointment the post holder is expected to focus on the collection of
data and during the next 18 months in cleaning the data, analysing results
and co-authoring academic papers.

Candidates from the social sciences, humanities and natural sciences with a
demonstrable research interest in SNA methodologies are strongly encouraged
to apply.

*Skills & Competences Sought*

   - Fluent in English and high competence in Spanish
   - PhD in a relevant discipline awarded by the time of appointment.
   - Competence with Social Network Analysis Methodologies.
   - Competence in survey and research design.
   - Competence in stakeholder analysis and the study of governance systems.
   - Experience with data collection.
   - Experience with data triangulation and mixed methods research designs.
   - Familiarity with qualitative and case study methods.
   - Ability to work with a large multi-disciplinary team of researchers.
   - Willingness to participate in extensive data collection trips in
   North-West Argentina.
   - Willingness to co-manage local team of assistants.
   - Familiarity with working with diverse actors, including IPs, farmers
   and agri-business Managers.
   - Desirable: Competence in any of the local languages of the Grand Chaco
   (i.e. Wichi, Guaraní).


*Starting date**: *November 1st, 2017

*Location: *CDE, University of Bern, Hallerstrasse 10, Bern, Switzerland;

*Duration of employment: *3 years

*Team:* A multi-disciplinary team of social science researchers.

*Offer:* Employment conditions and remuneration in accordance with the
standards of the University of Bern, Switzerland

*For further information: *Please contact Dr. Graziano Ceddia (
[log in to unmask]) and/or Dr. Dimitris Christopoulos (
[log in to unmask]).

*Application deadline*: August 18th, 2017

*Application materials:* Please submit your application consisting of CV
with certificates, a letter specifying how the specific job requirements
are met and including the name of three referees as a single PDF file in
English to [log in to unmask]

Dr Dimitris Christopoulos
Dean of Executive Education & MBA,
MU Vienna
Associate Research Professor
Edinburgh Business School

'Prescriptive conflict prevention analysis: ...the Austrian Flood Risk
Management Plan
Science & Policy*

'The impact of social networks on leadership behaviour
<>' *Methodological

Venture Capital Finance in Vienna
, Wirtschafts Kammer Wien

' <>
...Political entrepreneurs and brokers in policy making’
<> The European
Political Science Review

‘The Motivation of Social Entrepreneurs
<> ...’
 The Journal of Social Entrepreneurship

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