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Date: Thu, 20 Nov 1997 16:33:46 -0500 (EST)

In a message dated 97-11-20 14:56:24 EST, you write:

> Barbara Ellis writes: "According to Kosinski, memories are not true
>  replications of the past but rather one's interpretation of what has
>  occurred."
>
>  Freud identifies the process as *Nachtraglichkeit* (defrred action) and
>  elaborates on this view of psychical temporality and causality in numerous
>  writings. Could the author be drawing on the Freudian idea?
>
This is a very old idea that goes back at least as far as the Roman historian
Livvy. He said you never could tell the truth about a historical event
because the truth is the whole truth, and you could never tell "everything."
 There's a rather broad literature on the nature of history, and much of it
applies to the nature of memory as well. And lots of aphorisms about the
built-in bias which is inevitable.  Napolean called history a fairy tale that
the winning side write.

pat sloane