Too Neil: You are right about the need to consider outcome assessments, but that's built into programs like the U. of Phoenix offers in that it can credential its graduates across the country. Their ability to cut costs comes from no tenured faculty, no campuses, no frills or other services which adults students usually don't wan anywayt -plus most of their students are funded by employers who will be quick to point out slippery standards and unprepared graduates. In fact, those who look ahead see a rise in the emphasis on assessment as a graduation criteria - Almost like a return to the middle ages when universities merely tested and certified students - students paid for each lecture they attended and hired tutors separatelyo to help them pass the exams. If you weren't a good lecturer and didn't know your discipline, you wouldn't attract students nor be paid. Not a bad idea??? These students are willin g to pay for a college education that gives them what they want- relevant courses tied directly into their jobs. Also proprietary school like those who prepare people for the cosmetic boards, police exams, etc. are also included in this group as are community colleges that respond to the community's changing needs - in fact, with their adjunct faculty, they can respond better to changing market demands than can schools with tenured faculty. Martha M.