Twenty years ago, I was in a seminar on language when this was presented.
I remember the definitions but not exactly which was which.  I think it
Mama workin': Mama is working.
Mama, she workin': Mama has a job.
Mama she be workin':  Mama has a regular job and is presently at work there.

I _think_ that's how it went.

Happy day,


>> in Black English "Mama workin'; Mama she workin'; and Mama she be
>> workin'" all have different meanings in a grammatical configuration that
>> Standard English lacks.
>This is fascinating!  Could you explain the differences?  I'm sure I'm not
>the only one who'd love to know.
>Thanks -- and Mele Kalikimaka!
>Beth Kupper-Herr  <[log in to unmask]>
>Acting Coordinator
>Learning Resource Center
>Leeward Community College
>Pearl City, Hawaii

Laura Symons
Academic Resource Center
Sweet Briar College
Sweet Briar, Virginia 24595
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