Judith, I'm sure that many of us share your frustration while dealing with/helping the unmotivated student. There were semesters when I would encounter a class that I could not reach. For the first half of the semester, I made changes in timing, delivery, and emphasis or demphasis on certain aspects of the content. I asked for suggestions from the class and acted on those that seemed feasible or possible. I hunted down new jokes and sought out new or refreshing examples. But when all attempts failed, I routinely, and without undue guilt, just "held class," rationalizing this failure as yet another problem I could not solve. Especially if it occured during the fall semster, I was comforted by one of the time-honored academic truisms: "Everything between Haloween and Christmas is crazy," which did not help the class, but I felt better. But John Roueche had an aswer to the problem, although it probably has never been employed, that is calculated to produce success, almost inevitably: "Give every unmotivated student a Jewish mother." Merry Christmas Anyway, Gene K.