Print

Print


If we know so much about learning, how come it's not practiced more
widely?

Rosie


Rosemarie Woodruff
Counseling and Student Development Center
University of Hawaii-Manoa
2600 Campus Road, SSC 312
808-965-6114


On Sun, 11 Apr 1999, Gary K. Probst wrote:

> This is a multi-part message in MIME format.
> --------------C018DEB9C0E4EBA201192E72
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
> Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
>
> Gary Probst wrote:
>
> I am forwarding some excellent comments about learning that came on
> another list serv.
>
> --------------C018DEB9C0E4EBA201192E72
> Content-Type: message/rfc822
> Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
> Content-Disposition: inline
>
> Received: from mx01.erols.com ([207.172.3.241]) by mta3.mail.erols.net
>           (InterMail v03.02.07.03 118-128) with ESMTP
>           id <[log in to unmask]>
>           for <[log in to unmask]>; Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:02:24 -0400
> Received: from list.msu.edu (list.msu.edu [35.9.5.152])
>         by mx01.erols.com (8.8.8-970530/8.8.5/MX-980323-gjp) with ESMTP id AAA06680
>         for <[log in to unmask]>; Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:02:23 -0400 (EDT)
> Received: from list (list.msu.edu [35.9.5.152])
>         by list.msu.edu (8.9.0/8.9.0) with ESMTP id AAA29342;
>         Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:01:58 -0400
> Message-Id: <[log in to unmask]>
> Date:     Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:01:57 -0400
> Reply-To: Medical Education Research and Development <[log in to unmask]>
> Sender: Medical Education Research and Development <[log in to unmask]>
> From: Automatic digest processor <[log in to unmask]>
> Subject:  DR-ED Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 10 Apr 1999 (#1999-87)
> To: Recipients of DR-ED digests <[log in to unmask]>
>
> There is one message totalling 121 lines in this issue.
>
> Topics of the day:
>
>   1. Thoughts Regarding Teaching/Learning
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Date:    Sat, 10 Apr 1999 15:32:22 -0500
> From:    "Richard J. Iuli" <[log in to unmask]>
> Subject: Re: Thoughts Regarding Teaching/Learning
>
> Two books that may be of interest to a number of you, and that would
> encompass Tim's Principles of Learning as part of a formal theory of
> education:
>
> Teaching Science for Understanding: A Human Constructivist View.  1998.  J.
> Mintzes, J. Wandersee & J. Novak (Eds.)  Academic Press: New York.  ISBN:
> 0-12-498360.
>
> Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge.  1998.  J. Novak.  Lawrence
> Erlbaum: Mahway, NJ.  ISBN: 0-8058-2626-2
>
> I have also included Novak's Principles of Education (in bold type) to
> complement Tim's.
>
> Tim Jordon wrote:
> >Principles of Learning:
> >
> >1.  Learning takes places only when the learner is ready to learn.
>
> MEANINGFUL LEARNING REQUIRES A DISPOSITION TO LEARN MEANINGFULLY.
> >
> >2.  People learn best when they do something that seems worthwhile to them.
>
> HUMANS THINK, FEEL AND ACT.  THINKING, FEELING AND ACTING ARE INTEGRATED,
> FOR BETTER OR WORSE.
> >
> >3.  A good story will communicate more effectively than 20 lectures.
>
> MEANINGFUL LEARNING REQUIRES MEANINGFUL MATERIALS.  CONTEXT HAS A STRONG
> INFLUENCE ON LEARNING AND TRANSFER OF LEARNING.
> >
> >4.  It is the learner who should determine the direction of the content,
> >not the teacher.
>
> INSTRUCTION SHOULD BE PLANNED THROUGH CAREFUL ANALYSIS OF [LEARNERS']
> RELEVANT KNOWLEDGE.
> >
> >5.  Individual differences make it necessary for teachers to teach
> >different people in different ways.
>
> THERE IS AN ORTHOGONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE MEANINGFUL-ROTE AND
> DISCOVERY-RECEPTION LEARNING CONTINUA.
> >
> >6.  Only those things which a person has thought for himself/herself are
> >truly his/hers.
>
> EDUCATION LEADS TO A CHANGE IN THE MEANING OF EXPERIENCE.
> >
> >7.  Memorizing is not necessarily learning.
>
> ROTE-MODE LEARNING IS VERBATIM, ARBITRARY AND NON-SUBSTANTIVE.
> >
> >8.  When we learn, we learn "all over" . . . we learn with our feelings,
> >attitudes, body, as well as with our minds.
>
> POSTITIVE FEELINGS, ATTITUDES AND VALUES ARE ROOTED IN MEANINGFUL LEARNING.
> >
> >9.  Learning is most effective when it is put to use immediately.
>
> MASTERY-MODE LEARNING USING CRITERION-REFERENCED EVALUATION IS GENERALLY
> MORE DESIREABLE THAN CONVENTIONAL COMPETITIVE INSTRUCTION USING
> NORM-REFERENCED EVALUATION.
> >
> >10.  Teaching is helping the learner to experience . . . then to use new
> >skills through experiences.
>
> LEARNERS DO NOT UNDERSTAND THEIR COGNITIVE LEARNING PROCESSES.
> >
> >11.   Learners are more ready to learn if they know the reason why;  the
> >purpose of the new idea; or a way of applying the new idea.
>
> EVENT-CENTERED, CONSTRUCTIVIST EPISTEMOLOGY PLACES EMPHASIS ON LINKING
> THEORY, PRINCIPLES, AND CONCEPTS TO RECORDS, RECORD TRANSFORMATIONS, AND
> KNOWLEDGE AND VALUE CLAIMS THROUGH QUESTIONS REGARDING THE EVENT OR OBJECT
> UNDER CONSIDERATION.
> >
> >12.  Personal contact is considered by many to be the best way to
> >communicate ideas from one person to another.
>
> FAIRNESS, RESPECT AND HONESTY ARE CARDINAL PRINCIPLES IN EFFECTIVE
> TEACHING.  CONSTRUCTIVE CARING FOR OTHERS REQUIRES HONESTY, OPENNESS, AND
> COMMITMENT TO UNDERSTAND OTHER'S COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE CONCERNS.
> >
> >13.  Knowledge is what the learner knows AFTER  he/she has learned.
>
> MEANINGFUL LEARNING UNDERLIES THE CONSTRUCTIVE INTEGRATION OF THINKING,
> FEELING AND ACTING LEADING TO HUMAN EMPOWERMENT.
> >
> >14.  The best teaching occurs when teachers and learners work together to
> >answer questions that neither of them have the answers for.
>
> HIGHLY EFFECTIVE TEACHERS WORK FROM STRONG THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS.
> COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES ARE EFFECTIVE.  THE MEANING OF EXPERIENCE
> RESULTS FROM THE NEGOTIATION OF MEANING BETWEEN TEACHER AND LEARNING
> (ARRIVE AT A SHARED UNDERSTANDING).
> >
> >
> >(Many of these principles were learned from the excellent example of Dr.
> >Susan Telljohann, Professor of Health Education, University of Toledo,
> >Toledo OH).
>
> THANKS TIM!
>
> Richard J. Iuli, Ph.D.             METACOGNITIVE TOOLS
> Coordinator of Academic Support Services    /                     \
> Office of Academic Affairs               CONCEPT MAPS    VEE DIAGRAMS
> Medical College of Wisconsin                     the                     the
> 8701 Watertown Plank Road                  ROUTE              BLUEPRINT
> Milwaukee, WI 53226                               to                       for
> (414) 456-8583                                MEANINGFUL     CONSTRUCTING
> Fax: (414) 456-6506                           LEARNING          KNOWLEDGE
> E-Mail: [log in to unmask]
>
> ------------------------------
>
> End of DR-ED Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 10 Apr 1999 (#1999-87)
> **********************************************************
>
> --------------C018DEB9C0E4EBA201192E72--
>