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The recipe for perpetual ignorance is a very simple and effective one:
be satisfied with your opinions and content with your knowledge.

        - Elbert Hubbard



Rosemarie Woodruff wrote:

> If we know so much about learning, how come it's not practiced more
> widely?
>
> Rosie
>
> Rosemarie Woodruff
> Counseling and Student Development Center
> University of Hawaii-Manoa
> 2600 Campus Road, SSC 312
> 808-965-6114
>
> On Sun, 11 Apr 1999, Gary K. Probst wrote:
>
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> > Gary Probst wrote:
> >
> > I am forwarding some excellent comments about learning that came on
> > another list serv.
> >
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> >         Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:01:58 -0400
> > Message-Id: <[log in to unmask]>
> > Date:     Sun, 11 Apr 1999 00:01:57 -0400
> > Reply-To: Medical Education Research and Development <[log in to unmask]>
> > Sender: Medical Education Research and Development <[log in to unmask]>
> > From: Automatic digest processor <[log in to unmask]>
> > Subject:  DR-ED Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 10 Apr 1999 (#1999-87)
> > To: Recipients of DR-ED digests <[log in to unmask]>
> >
> > There is one message totalling 121 lines in this issue.
> >
> > Topics of the day:
> >
> >   1. Thoughts Regarding Teaching/Learning
> >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> >
> > Date:    Sat, 10 Apr 1999 15:32:22 -0500
> > From:    "Richard J. Iuli" <[log in to unmask]>
> > Subject: Re: Thoughts Regarding Teaching/Learning
> >
> > Two books that may be of interest to a number of you, and that would
> > encompass Tim's Principles of Learning as part of a formal theory of
> > education:
> >
> > Teaching Science for Understanding: A Human Constructivist View.  1998.  J.
> > Mintzes, J. Wandersee & J. Novak (Eds.)  Academic Press: New York.  ISBN:
> > 0-12-498360.
> >
> > Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge.  1998.  J. Novak.  Lawrence
> > Erlbaum: Mahway, NJ.  ISBN: 0-8058-2626-2
> >
> > I have also included Novak's Principles of Education (in bold type) to
> > complement Tim's.
> >
> > Tim Jordon wrote:
> > >Principles of Learning:
> > >
> > >1.  Learning takes places only when the learner is ready to learn.
> >
> > MEANINGFUL LEARNING REQUIRES A DISPOSITION TO LEARN MEANINGFULLY.
> > >
> > >2.  People learn best when they do something that seems worthwhile to them.
> >
> > HUMANS THINK, FEEL AND ACT.  THINKING, FEELING AND ACTING ARE INTEGRATED,
> > FOR BETTER OR WORSE.
> > >
> > >3.  A good story will communicate more effectively than 20 lectures.
> >
> > MEANINGFUL LEARNING REQUIRES MEANINGFUL MATERIALS.  CONTEXT HAS A STRONG
> > INFLUENCE ON LEARNING AND TRANSFER OF LEARNING.
> > >
> > >4.  It is the learner who should determine the direction of the content,
> > >not the teacher.
> >
> > INSTRUCTION SHOULD BE PLANNED THROUGH CAREFUL ANALYSIS OF [LEARNERS']
> > RELEVANT KNOWLEDGE.
> > >
> > >5.  Individual differences make it necessary for teachers to teach
> > >different people in different ways.
> >
> > THERE IS AN ORTHOGONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE MEANINGFUL-ROTE AND
> > DISCOVERY-RECEPTION LEARNING CONTINUA.
> > >
> > >6.  Only those things which a person has thought for himself/herself are
> > >truly his/hers.
> >
> > EDUCATION LEADS TO A CHANGE IN THE MEANING OF EXPERIENCE.
> > >
> > >7.  Memorizing is not necessarily learning.
> >
> > ROTE-MODE LEARNING IS VERBATIM, ARBITRARY AND NON-SUBSTANTIVE.
> > >
> > >8.  When we learn, we learn "all over" . . . we learn with our feelings,
> > >attitudes, body, as well as with our minds.
> >
> > POSTITIVE FEELINGS, ATTITUDES AND VALUES ARE ROOTED IN MEANINGFUL LEARNING.
> > >
> > >9.  Learning is most effective when it is put to use immediately.
> >
> > MASTERY-MODE LEARNING USING CRITERION-REFERENCED EVALUATION IS GENERALLY
> > MORE DESIREABLE THAN CONVENTIONAL COMPETITIVE INSTRUCTION USING
> > NORM-REFERENCED EVALUATION.
> > >
> > >10.  Teaching is helping the learner to experience . . . then to use new
> > >skills through experiences.
> >
> > LEARNERS DO NOT UNDERSTAND THEIR COGNITIVE LEARNING PROCESSES.
> > >
> > >11.   Learners are more ready to learn if they know the reason why;  the
> > >purpose of the new idea; or a way of applying the new idea.
> >
> > EVENT-CENTERED, CONSTRUCTIVIST EPISTEMOLOGY PLACES EMPHASIS ON LINKING
> > THEORY, PRINCIPLES, AND CONCEPTS TO RECORDS, RECORD TRANSFORMATIONS, AND
> > KNOWLEDGE AND VALUE CLAIMS THROUGH QUESTIONS REGARDING THE EVENT OR OBJECT
> > UNDER CONSIDERATION.
> > >
> > >12.  Personal contact is considered by many to be the best way to
> > >communicate ideas from one person to another.
> >
> > FAIRNESS, RESPECT AND HONESTY ARE CARDINAL PRINCIPLES IN EFFECTIVE
> > TEACHING.  CONSTRUCTIVE CARING FOR OTHERS REQUIRES HONESTY, OPENNESS, AND
> > COMMITMENT TO UNDERSTAND OTHER'S COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE CONCERNS.
> > >
> > >13.  Knowledge is what the learner knows AFTER  he/she has learned.
> >
> > MEANINGFUL LEARNING UNDERLIES THE CONSTRUCTIVE INTEGRATION OF THINKING,
> > FEELING AND ACTING LEADING TO HUMAN EMPOWERMENT.
> > >
> > >14.  The best teaching occurs when teachers and learners work together to
> > >answer questions that neither of them have the answers for.
> >
> > HIGHLY EFFECTIVE TEACHERS WORK FROM STRONG THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS.
> > COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES ARE EFFECTIVE.  THE MEANING OF EXPERIENCE
> > RESULTS FROM THE NEGOTIATION OF MEANING BETWEEN TEACHER AND LEARNING
> > (ARRIVE AT A SHARED UNDERSTANDING).
> > >
> > >
> > >(Many of these principles were learned from the excellent example of Dr.
> > >Susan Telljohann, Professor of Health Education, University of Toledo,
> > >Toledo OH).
> >
> > THANKS TIM!
> >
> > Richard J. Iuli, Ph.D.             METACOGNITIVE TOOLS
> > Coordinator of Academic Support Services    /                     \
> > Office of Academic Affairs               CONCEPT MAPS    VEE DIAGRAMS
> > Medical College of Wisconsin                     the                     the
> > 8701 Watertown Plank Road                  ROUTE              BLUEPRINT
> > Milwaukee, WI 53226                               to                       for
> > (414) 456-8583                                MEANINGFUL     CONSTRUCTING
> > Fax: (414) 456-6506                           LEARNING          KNOWLEDGE
> > E-Mail: [log in to unmask]
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > End of DR-ED Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 10 Apr 1999 (#1999-87)
> > **********************************************************
> >
> > --------------C018DEB9C0E4EBA201192E72--
> >